ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


ESTIMATING HOUSEHOLDS’ MARGINAL BENEFIT FOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OPTIONS USING CHOICE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EVIDENCE FROM KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA

Masahina Sarabdeen, Lena Bedawi ELFadli ELmonshid, Rafia Afroz, A.C. Muhammadu Kijas, Shehu Usman Adam.

Abstract
This study aimed to estimate willingness to pay of households for air quality improvement and marginal benefits that household derived from the improved air- quality management plan in Klang Valley, Malaysia. A choice experiment study was administered to 300 households and the data was analysed using the multinomial logit model. It was found that number of sick days, air pollution index, medical expenditure, outdoor activities, ethnic, city, age, and respiratory symptoms are significant variables, which affected the willingness to pay of the respondents in Klang Valley. The mean willingness to pay for the new air quality management programme derived from choice experiment multinomial logit model is MYR1.99 per litre of fuel, consumer-compensating surplus is 0.04 and estimated marginal benefit is 1.83. The results reveal that households are willing to pay significant amounts in terms of higher fuel price to ensure the air quality improvement and reduce environmental and health risks in Malaysia. Hence, this study would help to produce multiple policies and recommendations to improve the air quality. It is also possible to develop efficient and equitable motor vehicle rules and promote technology advancement in this area. Effective measures in managing and planning city development should be emphasised to reduce vehicle travel and congestion, travel time, traffic jam and pollutant emissions in Klang Valley metropolitan region.

Key words: Choice experiment, multinomial logit model, willingness to pay, air quality improvement, households marginal benefit


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Masahina Sarabdeen, Lena Bedawi ELFadli ELmonshid, Rafia Afroz, A.C. Muhammadu Kijas, Shehu Usman Adam. ESTIMATING HOUSEHOLDS’ MARGINAL BENEFIT FOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OPTIONS USING CHOICE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EVIDENCE FROM KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 1988-1998. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.241


Web Style

Masahina Sarabdeen, Lena Bedawi ELFadli ELmonshid, Rafia Afroz, A.C. Muhammadu Kijas, Shehu Usman Adam. ESTIMATING HOUSEHOLDS’ MARGINAL BENEFIT FOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OPTIONS USING CHOICE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EVIDENCE FROM KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=108244 [Access: September 14, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.241


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Masahina Sarabdeen, Lena Bedawi ELFadli ELmonshid, Rafia Afroz, A.C. Muhammadu Kijas, Shehu Usman Adam. ESTIMATING HOUSEHOLDS’ MARGINAL BENEFIT FOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OPTIONS USING CHOICE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EVIDENCE FROM KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 1988-1998. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.241



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Masahina Sarabdeen, Lena Bedawi ELFadli ELmonshid, Rafia Afroz, A.C. Muhammadu Kijas, Shehu Usman Adam. ESTIMATING HOUSEHOLDS’ MARGINAL BENEFIT FOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OPTIONS USING CHOICE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EVIDENCE FROM KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA. JCR. (2020), [cited September 14, 2020]; 7(19): 1988-1998. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.241



Harvard Style

Masahina Sarabdeen, Lena Bedawi ELFadli ELmonshid, Rafia Afroz, A.C. Muhammadu Kijas, Shehu Usman Adam (2020) ESTIMATING HOUSEHOLDS’ MARGINAL BENEFIT FOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OPTIONS USING CHOICE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EVIDENCE FROM KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA. JCR, 7 (19), 1988-1998. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.241



Turabian Style

Masahina Sarabdeen, Lena Bedawi ELFadli ELmonshid, Rafia Afroz, A.C. Muhammadu Kijas, Shehu Usman Adam. 2020. ESTIMATING HOUSEHOLDS’ MARGINAL BENEFIT FOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OPTIONS USING CHOICE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EVIDENCE FROM KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 1988-1998. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.241



Chicago Style

Masahina Sarabdeen, Lena Bedawi ELFadli ELmonshid, Rafia Afroz, A.C. Muhammadu Kijas, Shehu Usman Adam. "ESTIMATING HOUSEHOLDS’ MARGINAL BENEFIT FOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OPTIONS USING CHOICE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EVIDENCE FROM KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 1988-1998. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.241



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Masahina Sarabdeen, Lena Bedawi ELFadli ELmonshid, Rafia Afroz, A.C. Muhammadu Kijas, Shehu Usman Adam. "ESTIMATING HOUSEHOLDS’ MARGINAL BENEFIT FOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OPTIONS USING CHOICE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EVIDENCE FROM KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 1988-1998. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.241



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Masahina Sarabdeen, Lena Bedawi ELFadli ELmonshid, Rafia Afroz, A.C. Muhammadu Kijas, Shehu Usman Adam (2020) ESTIMATING HOUSEHOLDS’ MARGINAL BENEFIT FOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OPTIONS USING CHOICE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EVIDENCE FROM KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 1988-1998. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.241