ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


OVERVIEW, IMPLICATIONS AND LESSONS OF THE CASE OF BATU PUTEH ISLAND: SOVEREIGNTY VIRTUE OF A COUNTRY AT STAKE

KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY, NURUL AIMI RAZALI, ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM, KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI, SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN, NAJAH RAMLAN, HANI SURAYA AZIZ.

Abstract
Losing territory will undermine the sovereignty of a country. Sovereignty is a symbol of power
to many countries. On May 23, 2008, Malaysia lost her sovereignty over Batu Puteh Island to Singapore as
ruled by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) by 12 votes to 4. The corresponding letter by the Acting
Secretary of Johor dated September 21, 1953 stated that Johor does not claim ownership of Batu Puteh Island or
Pedra Branca. The ICJ claimed that the letter as a sign that Johor had handed over its sovereignty on Batu Puteh
Island over to the British. This article aims to elucidate the overview of territorial dispute over Batu Puteh Island
between Malaysia and Singapore and its implications on sovereignty as well as to explicate the lessons to be
learnt from the event. This qualitative study employs content analysis and literature study methodology. Content
analysis examines the documents and previous literatures related to the Batu Puteh Island dispute and
sovereignty in exploring the background of the dispute and finding the lessons to be learnt from the dispute.
This study finds that there are various questions arise regarding the letter. The questions that are yet to be
answered and documentation is vital. Furthermore, this study discusses lessons to be learnt from the event as
such learn from history; learn from the administrative weaknesses and individual mistakes, be careful when
making any decisions, inattention led a country in losing the island‟s sovereignty to other nation and remember
that history repeats itself in the future. The mistakes cost Malaysia to lose an island which was originally her for
centuries. The social implications of this article are such it provides the general about the overview of the
dispute, which may not have the whole idea about this event. Also, it enlightens on the implication of the event
to the involved parties as well as the lessons to be learnt from the event which closely relate to the sovereignty
of a country and the importance to learn from history.

Key words: Batu Puteh Island; Pedra Branca, sovereignty; history; Malaysia-Singapore Relations


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY
Articles by NURUL AIMI RAZALI
Articles by ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM
Articles by KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI
Articles by SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN
Articles by NAJAH RAMLAN
Articles by HANI SURAYA AZIZ
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY, NURUL AIMI RAZALI, ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM, KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI, SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN, NAJAH RAMLAN, HANI SURAYA AZIZ. OVERVIEW, IMPLICATIONS AND LESSONS OF THE CASE OF BATU PUTEH ISLAND: SOVEREIGNTY VIRTUE OF A COUNTRY AT STAKE. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 2107-2113. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.253


Web Style

KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY, NURUL AIMI RAZALI, ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM, KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI, SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN, NAJAH RAMLAN, HANI SURAYA AZIZ. OVERVIEW, IMPLICATIONS AND LESSONS OF THE CASE OF BATU PUTEH ISLAND: SOVEREIGNTY VIRTUE OF A COUNTRY AT STAKE. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=114789 [Access: July 30, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.253


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY, NURUL AIMI RAZALI, ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM, KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI, SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN, NAJAH RAMLAN, HANI SURAYA AZIZ. OVERVIEW, IMPLICATIONS AND LESSONS OF THE CASE OF BATU PUTEH ISLAND: SOVEREIGNTY VIRTUE OF A COUNTRY AT STAKE. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 2107-2113. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.253



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY, NURUL AIMI RAZALI, ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM, KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI, SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN, NAJAH RAMLAN, HANI SURAYA AZIZ. OVERVIEW, IMPLICATIONS AND LESSONS OF THE CASE OF BATU PUTEH ISLAND: SOVEREIGNTY VIRTUE OF A COUNTRY AT STAKE. JCR. (2020), [cited July 30, 2020]; 7(19): 2107-2113. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.253



Harvard Style

KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY, NURUL AIMI RAZALI, ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM, KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI, SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN, NAJAH RAMLAN, HANI SURAYA AZIZ (2020) OVERVIEW, IMPLICATIONS AND LESSONS OF THE CASE OF BATU PUTEH ISLAND: SOVEREIGNTY VIRTUE OF A COUNTRY AT STAKE. JCR, 7 (19), 2107-2113. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.253



Turabian Style

KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY, NURUL AIMI RAZALI, ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM, KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI, SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN, NAJAH RAMLAN, HANI SURAYA AZIZ. 2020. OVERVIEW, IMPLICATIONS AND LESSONS OF THE CASE OF BATU PUTEH ISLAND: SOVEREIGNTY VIRTUE OF A COUNTRY AT STAKE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 2107-2113. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.253



Chicago Style

KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY, NURUL AIMI RAZALI, ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM, KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI, SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN, NAJAH RAMLAN, HANI SURAYA AZIZ. "OVERVIEW, IMPLICATIONS AND LESSONS OF THE CASE OF BATU PUTEH ISLAND: SOVEREIGNTY VIRTUE OF A COUNTRY AT STAKE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2107-2113. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.253



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY, NURUL AIMI RAZALI, ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM, KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI, SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN, NAJAH RAMLAN, HANI SURAYA AZIZ. "OVERVIEW, IMPLICATIONS AND LESSONS OF THE CASE OF BATU PUTEH ISLAND: SOVEREIGNTY VIRTUE OF A COUNTRY AT STAKE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 2107-2113. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.253



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

KHAIRUL AZMAN SUHAIMY, NURUL AIMI RAZALI, ABDUL SHAKOR BORHAM, KHAIROL ANUAR KAMRI, SHAH RUL ANUAR NORDIN, NAJAH RAMLAN, HANI SURAYA AZIZ (2020) OVERVIEW, IMPLICATIONS AND LESSONS OF THE CASE OF BATU PUTEH ISLAND: SOVEREIGNTY VIRTUE OF A COUNTRY AT STAKE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 2107-2113. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.253





Most Viewed Articles
  • ANALYTICAL RESULTS OF SLOPE FAILURE AND EFFECTIVE USE OF FLYCAM DATA: A CASE STUDY FROM KM 11 TO KM 13 ON THE 3B HIGHWAY, BACKAN PROVINCE OF VIETNAM
    VIETHA NGUYEN, HONGTHINH PHI, TRUONGTHANH PHI*
    JCR. 2020; 7(1): 1-5
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.07.01.01

  • ZOOTHERAPY AMONG THE ETHNIC GROUPS OF NORTH EASTERN REGION OF INDIA-A CRITICAL REVIEW
    KHIROD SANKAR DAS, SUDIPTA CHOUDHURY, K. CHANREILA L. NONGLAIT
    JCR. 2017; 4(2): 1-9
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2017v4i2.14698

  • CADMIUM NANOPARTICLES AND ITS TOXICITY
    RAJNISH GUPTA
    JCR. 2019; 6(5): 1-7
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i5.34073

  • RECENT THERAPEUTIC PROGRESS OF CHALCONE SCAFFOLD BEARING COMPOUNDS AS PROSPECTIVE ANTI-GOUT CANDIDATES
    DEBARSHI KAR MAHAPATRA, VIVEK ASATI, SANJAY KUMAR BHARTI
    JCR. 2019; 6(1): 1-5
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i1.31760

  • ADVANCES OF HYDRAZONE LINKER IN POLYMERIC DRUG DELIVERY
    SHIVSHANKAR R. MANE
    JCR. 2019; 6(2): 1-4
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i2.31833

  • Most Downloaded
  • CADMIUM NANOPARTICLES AND ITS TOXICITY
    RAJNISH GUPTA
    JCR. 2019; 6(5): 1-7
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i5.34073

  • Multi Drug Resistance in Cancer Therapy-An Overview
    HARISH KADKOL, VIKAS JAIN, AMIT B PATIL*
    JCR. 2019; 6(6): 1-6
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i6.35673

  • AN OVERVIEW ON MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF ACNE
    D. MANOGNA REDDY, VIKAS JAIN
    JCR. 2019; 6(6): 7-14
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i6.35696

  • QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION IN VARIOUS MODELS OF LEGUMES AND THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE PROCESS: A REVIEW
    SAMEER SHARMA, ANIKET MALAGE, SIBI G.
    JCR. 2019; 6(6): 24-28
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i6.35637

  • ANALYTICAL RESULTS OF SLOPE FAILURE AND EFFECTIVE USE OF FLYCAM DATA: A CASE STUDY FROM KM 11 TO KM 13 ON THE 3B HIGHWAY, BACKAN PROVINCE OF VIETNAM
    VIETHA NGUYEN, HONGTHINH PHI, TRUONGTHANH PHI*
    JCR. 2020; 7(1): 1-5
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.07.01.01

  • Most Cited Articles
  • ZOOTHERAPY AMONG THE ETHNIC GROUPS OF NORTH EASTERN REGION OF INDIA-A CRITICAL REVIEW
    KHIROD SANKAR DAS, SUDIPTA CHOUDHURY, K. CHANREILA L. NONGLAIT
    JCR. 2017; 4(2): 1-9
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2017v4i2.14698
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]