ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


SYSTEMS’ VIEW OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EVENT TOURISM IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA

Dr Dumsile Cynthia Hlengwa.

Abstract
The objective of the paper was to draw and coordinate views of the impact of the Covid-19 on the tourism sector with specific reference to events tourism in the Province of KwaZulu Natal. It is estimated that about 50 million of about 330 million jobs in an industry that accounted for about 10.3% of global GDP in 2019, could be lost due to an equivalent four months’ loss of global travel in 2020. The travel and tourism industry is multi-sectorial including air, sea, rail and road transportation, accommodation, food and beverage, recreation, entertainment and adventure, retail, travel services, events and conferencing and other goods and services, not viewed as travel and tourism products, but consumed during the stay and the destination due to multiplier effects. Tourism is especially susceptible to measures to combat the pandemic due to restricted mobility and orders for social distancing. Consequently, the tourism industry was reeling under the global pandemic as a result of the lockdowns which limited movement only to essentials. The closure of ‘open’ borders, lockdowns, governments’ borrowing and spending to provide relief to households and businesses interestingly illustrated the interconnected of everything from a health crisis to political and socio-economic consequences. This paper was aimed at synchronising the views of different event tourism providers in KwaZulu Natal to generate a picture of the impact of Covid-19 on the tourism industry in the province using the systems and interconnectedness theory. As Covid-19 was current news in 2020, most sources used were online news articles and a few available journal articles. The new normal implications for travel and tourism include unprecedented health and safety protocols, extreme caution, touchless travel, possibly preference for smaller decentralised accommodation to massive hotels and local outings to nearby attractions to avoid public transport and sleep overs until travel confidence was regained. This has implications for local attractions to resuscitate initiatives such as shot left, sight-seeing and excursions to reintroduce travel to culture-shocked nations.

Key words: Travel and tourism, Covid-19, economic impact, event tourism, systems and connectivity approach


 
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Pubmed Style

Dr Dumsile Cynthia Hlengwa. SYSTEMS’ VIEW OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EVENT TOURISM IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 2432-2440. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.295


Web Style

Dr Dumsile Cynthia Hlengwa. SYSTEMS’ VIEW OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EVENT TOURISM IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=114964 [Access: July 30, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.295


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dr Dumsile Cynthia Hlengwa. SYSTEMS’ VIEW OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EVENT TOURISM IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 2432-2440. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.295



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dr Dumsile Cynthia Hlengwa. SYSTEMS’ VIEW OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EVENT TOURISM IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA. JCR. (2020), [cited July 30, 2020]; 7(19): 2432-2440. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.295



Harvard Style

Dr Dumsile Cynthia Hlengwa (2020) SYSTEMS’ VIEW OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EVENT TOURISM IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA. JCR, 7 (19), 2432-2440. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.295



Turabian Style

Dr Dumsile Cynthia Hlengwa. 2020. SYSTEMS’ VIEW OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EVENT TOURISM IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 2432-2440. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.295



Chicago Style

Dr Dumsile Cynthia Hlengwa. "SYSTEMS’ VIEW OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EVENT TOURISM IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2432-2440. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.295



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dr Dumsile Cynthia Hlengwa. "SYSTEMS’ VIEW OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EVENT TOURISM IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 2432-2440. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.295



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dr Dumsile Cynthia Hlengwa (2020) SYSTEMS’ VIEW OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EVENT TOURISM IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 2432-2440. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.295





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