ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


The rationality of the use of antibiotics towards the mortality and hospitalization period of pediatric patients with pneumonia

Titiek Hidayati*, Miftakhul Ulum Mahfud, Kusbaryanto, Iffa Karina Permatasari.

Abstract
Purpose: Antibiotics play an important role in reducing child mortality due to pneumonia.
Ineffectiveness in prescribing and using antibiotics will lead to many inappropriate prescribing and inappropriate
use of antibiotics that will affect the irrational use of antibiotics in patients. The irrationality of antibiotics for
death and length of stay has not been done much.Methodology: This research was an observational research with
the cross sectional approach. The population of this study was every pneumonia pediatric patients who were
hospitalized in one hospital in Central Java in the inpatient ward or PICU. The sampling technique used is Nonprobability sampling technique with purposive sampling method. Secondary data were obtained from medical
records. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to process the data.Results: The use of antibiotics
according to the Gyssens flow evaluation obtained the results of irrational antibiotics most used in category IV A
as many as 70 patients (72.2%), in category IV C as much as (3.1%), and rational antibiotics in category 0 as
many as 24 patients (24.7%). The mortality outcome for pneumonia pediatric patients was 6 patients (6.2%) and
91 patients (93.8%) went home. There are 74 pneumonia pediatric in-patients (76.3%) with 0-7 days
hospitalization period and 23 pneumonia pediatric in-patients (23.7%) with > 7 days hospitalization period.

Key words: Rationality of the use of antibiotics toward the outcome of mortality do not show a significant correlation, however rationality of the use of antibiotics toward hospitalization period is correlated.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Titiek Hidayati, Miftakhul Ulum Mahfud, Kusbaryanto, Iffa Karina Permatasari. The rationality of the use of antibiotics towards the mortality and hospitalization period of pediatric patients with pneumonia . JCR. 2020; 7(15): 249-256. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.32


Web Style

Titiek Hidayati, Miftakhul Ulum Mahfud, Kusbaryanto, Iffa Karina Permatasari. The rationality of the use of antibiotics towards the mortality and hospitalization period of pediatric patients with pneumonia . http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=119327 [Access: September 14, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.32


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Titiek Hidayati, Miftakhul Ulum Mahfud, Kusbaryanto, Iffa Karina Permatasari. The rationality of the use of antibiotics towards the mortality and hospitalization period of pediatric patients with pneumonia . JCR. 2020; 7(15): 249-256. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.32



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Titiek Hidayati, Miftakhul Ulum Mahfud, Kusbaryanto, Iffa Karina Permatasari. The rationality of the use of antibiotics towards the mortality and hospitalization period of pediatric patients with pneumonia . JCR. (2020), [cited September 14, 2020]; 7(15): 249-256. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.32



Harvard Style

Titiek Hidayati, Miftakhul Ulum Mahfud, Kusbaryanto, Iffa Karina Permatasari (2020) The rationality of the use of antibiotics towards the mortality and hospitalization period of pediatric patients with pneumonia . JCR, 7 (15), 249-256. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.32



Turabian Style

Titiek Hidayati, Miftakhul Ulum Mahfud, Kusbaryanto, Iffa Karina Permatasari. 2020. The rationality of the use of antibiotics towards the mortality and hospitalization period of pediatric patients with pneumonia . Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (15), 249-256. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.32



Chicago Style

Titiek Hidayati, Miftakhul Ulum Mahfud, Kusbaryanto, Iffa Karina Permatasari. "The rationality of the use of antibiotics towards the mortality and hospitalization period of pediatric patients with pneumonia ." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 249-256. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.32



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Titiek Hidayati, Miftakhul Ulum Mahfud, Kusbaryanto, Iffa Karina Permatasari. "The rationality of the use of antibiotics towards the mortality and hospitalization period of pediatric patients with pneumonia ." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.15 (2020), 249-256. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.32



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Titiek Hidayati, Miftakhul Ulum Mahfud, Kusbaryanto, Iffa Karina Permatasari (2020) The rationality of the use of antibiotics towards the mortality and hospitalization period of pediatric patients with pneumonia . Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (15), 249-256. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.32