ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


The Comparison effect between Massage Effleurage and Deep Breathing Exercise in minimized Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Women at Mas Mansyur Boarding House

Wahyuni*, Nur Indah Swariningrum.

Abstract
More than 50% of teenagers experience dysmenorrhea. In Indonesia, the incidence of dysmenorrhea
is 64.25%, consisting of 54.89% of primary dysmenorrhea and 9.36% of secondary dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is
cramped in the lower abdomen and spread to the upper waist, occurs due to contractions in the uterus, and begins at
a few hours before or during menstruation and lasts for 48 to 72 hours. Some treatments can be used to reduce the
symptoms of dysmenorrhea, both pharmacology and non-pharmacology. Non-pharmacology treatments include
physiotherapy, lifestyle changes, nutrition, and alternative therapies. Physiotherapy is a treatment that concentrates
on pain, useful for dysmenorrhea, and without adverse effects, for example, massage effleurage and deep breathing
exercise. Effleurage massage is performed with gentle pressure to improve blood circulation, exert pressure, heat the
abdominal muscles, and encourage physical and mental relaxation. Deep breathing exercise reduces physical, mental,
emotional tension and helps in pain management, both physiologically and psychologically. Purpose of this study is
to compare the effectiveness of massage effleurage and deep breathing exercise in minimized primary dysmenorrhea.
This study is a quasi-experimental study with purposive sampling. The inclusion criteria: primary dysmenorrhea, no
taking pain medication, not doing exercise or other sports; Exclusion criteria: marital status. The number of
respondents obtained was 20 people.there was no significant difference effect between massage effleurage and deep
breathing exercise in minimized primary dysmenorrhea.Massage effleurage and deep breathing exercise are as
effective in minimized primary dysmenorrhea

Key words: primary dysmenorrhea, massage effleurage, deep breathing exercise


 
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Pubmed Style

Wahyuni , Nur Indah Swariningrum. The Comparison effect between Massage Effleurage and Deep Breathing Exercise in minimized Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Women at Mas Mansyur Boarding House. JCR. 2020; 7(15): 267-272. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.34


Web Style

Wahyuni , Nur Indah Swariningrum. The Comparison effect between Massage Effleurage and Deep Breathing Exercise in minimized Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Women at Mas Mansyur Boarding House. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=119331 [Access: June 26, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.34


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Wahyuni , Nur Indah Swariningrum. The Comparison effect between Massage Effleurage and Deep Breathing Exercise in minimized Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Women at Mas Mansyur Boarding House. JCR. 2020; 7(15): 267-272. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.34



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Wahyuni , Nur Indah Swariningrum. The Comparison effect between Massage Effleurage and Deep Breathing Exercise in minimized Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Women at Mas Mansyur Boarding House. JCR. (2020), [cited June 26, 2020]; 7(15): 267-272. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.34



Harvard Style

Wahyuni , Nur Indah Swariningrum (2020) The Comparison effect between Massage Effleurage and Deep Breathing Exercise in minimized Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Women at Mas Mansyur Boarding House. JCR, 7 (15), 267-272. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.34



Turabian Style

Wahyuni , Nur Indah Swariningrum. 2020. The Comparison effect between Massage Effleurage and Deep Breathing Exercise in minimized Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Women at Mas Mansyur Boarding House. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (15), 267-272. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.34



Chicago Style

Wahyuni , Nur Indah Swariningrum. "The Comparison effect between Massage Effleurage and Deep Breathing Exercise in minimized Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Women at Mas Mansyur Boarding House." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 267-272. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.34



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Wahyuni , Nur Indah Swariningrum. "The Comparison effect between Massage Effleurage and Deep Breathing Exercise in minimized Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Women at Mas Mansyur Boarding House." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.15 (2020), 267-272. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.34



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Wahyuni , Nur Indah Swariningrum (2020) The Comparison effect between Massage Effleurage and Deep Breathing Exercise in minimized Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Women at Mas Mansyur Boarding House. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (15), 267-272. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.34





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