ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


A WATERMARKING SCHEME TO PROTECT 3D MODELS

MELDIE APAG, DESIDERIO APAG III.

Abstract
Three-dimensional (3D) models are used to imitate, represent, and resemble objects in a real world. But with its emergence, comes also issues
relating to ownership claiming. There is an obvious need for multimedia data copyright protection and ownership claiming techniques and one seen
technique is digital watermarking. Hence, this study demonstrated an invisibly-blind robust semi-public watermarking scheme to protect 3D models
from data compression attack. The scheme used the Autodesk’s 3DS Max software which generated a 3D polygonal mesh model. The watermarking
was made on its mesh vertices where a 3-bit sequence was embedded through its binary file on the chunk of the file containing the vertices list and
on its 0 bits. A software was designed for the process of embedding and extraction of the watermark. Data compression, as the form of attack on 3D
models, was done in Autodesk’s maxzip archiving system wherein the file size of a 3D model was narrowed down to a smaller file size for purposes
of minimum storage and portability. The software then determined the presence of the watermark after decompression of the attacked
watermarked file. Findings show that the watermarking scheme used in this study exhibited an imperceptible, detectable, and compression-resilient
watermark for 3D polygonal mesh models.

Key words: Digital Watermark, 3D, Data Compression


 
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Pubmed Style

MELDIE APAG, DESIDERIO APAG III. A WATERMARKING SCHEME TO PROTECT 3D MODELS. JCR. 2020; 7(15): 540-543. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.76


Web Style

MELDIE APAG, DESIDERIO APAG III. A WATERMARKING SCHEME TO PROTECT 3D MODELS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=119806 [Access: September 14, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.76


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

MELDIE APAG, DESIDERIO APAG III. A WATERMARKING SCHEME TO PROTECT 3D MODELS. JCR. 2020; 7(15): 540-543. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.76



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

MELDIE APAG, DESIDERIO APAG III. A WATERMARKING SCHEME TO PROTECT 3D MODELS. JCR. (2020), [cited September 14, 2020]; 7(15): 540-543. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.76



Harvard Style

MELDIE APAG, DESIDERIO APAG III (2020) A WATERMARKING SCHEME TO PROTECT 3D MODELS. JCR, 7 (15), 540-543. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.76



Turabian Style

MELDIE APAG, DESIDERIO APAG III. 2020. A WATERMARKING SCHEME TO PROTECT 3D MODELS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (15), 540-543. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.76



Chicago Style

MELDIE APAG, DESIDERIO APAG III. "A WATERMARKING SCHEME TO PROTECT 3D MODELS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 540-543. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.76



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

MELDIE APAG, DESIDERIO APAG III. "A WATERMARKING SCHEME TO PROTECT 3D MODELS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.15 (2020), 540-543. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.76



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

MELDIE APAG, DESIDERIO APAG III (2020) A WATERMARKING SCHEME TO PROTECT 3D MODELS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (15), 540-543. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.76