ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL COHESION AMONG ETHNIC RELATIONS’ STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS

Mohd Syariefudin Abdullah, Khairul Ghufran Kaspin, Zuraidah ZainolMohamad Kamal Kamaruddin, Baharuddin Jabar.

Abstract
The diversity of Malaysian society can be refered to their cultures, languages, religions and
ethnicities. As a result, those diversities has been becoming Malaysia’s tool to introduce themselves to the
people from all over the world what Malaysia is all about. Thus, conflicts among the people in term of their
differences cannot be avoided but the conflicts are still manageable. Hence, since Malaysia gained its
independence in 1957, there were many efforts by the government to achieve national unity among the people in
society. One of those are introducing related subject in tertiary education level. Indeed, the purpose of this study
is to identify the level of social cohesion among students who registered the Hubungan Etnik (HNS2012) subject
at Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI). Furthermore, this study used a quantitative approach and survey
method. To acquire the data, 600 questionnaires were distributed randomly to the students who enrolled for the
subject in the Semester 2 of 2017/2018 academic session. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis
through SPSS software. As a result, the analysis show that the social cohesion among the UPSI students was
high in five dimensions which were Recognition–Rejection, Equality–Inequality, Belonging-Isolation,
Inclusion–Exclusion and Legitimacy–Illegitimacy. Instead, the result was moderate in the dimension of
Participation–Non-involvement. The results of this study concluded a satisfactory level in social cohesion among
students regardless of their ethnics. Therefore, the result also proved that the Hubungan Etnik subject could
served as an effective tool for fostering unity among multiethnic students.

Key words: Social Cohesion, Ethnic, Compulsory Subject, Unity, UPSI Student, Ethnic Relation


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mohd Syariefudin Abdullah, Khairul Ghufran Kaspin, Zuraidah ZainolMohamad Kamal Kamaruddin, Baharuddin Jabar. DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL COHESION AMONG ETHNIC RELATIONS’ STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS. JCR. 2020; 7(15): 854-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.125


Web Style

Mohd Syariefudin Abdullah, Khairul Ghufran Kaspin, Zuraidah ZainolMohamad Kamal Kamaruddin, Baharuddin Jabar. DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL COHESION AMONG ETHNIC RELATIONS’ STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=120035 [Access: September 15, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.125


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohd Syariefudin Abdullah, Khairul Ghufran Kaspin, Zuraidah ZainolMohamad Kamal Kamaruddin, Baharuddin Jabar. DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL COHESION AMONG ETHNIC RELATIONS’ STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS. JCR. 2020; 7(15): 854-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.125



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohd Syariefudin Abdullah, Khairul Ghufran Kaspin, Zuraidah ZainolMohamad Kamal Kamaruddin, Baharuddin Jabar. DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL COHESION AMONG ETHNIC RELATIONS’ STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS. JCR. (2020), [cited September 15, 2020]; 7(15): 854-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.125



Harvard Style

Mohd Syariefudin Abdullah, Khairul Ghufran Kaspin, Zuraidah ZainolMohamad Kamal Kamaruddin, Baharuddin Jabar (2020) DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL COHESION AMONG ETHNIC RELATIONS’ STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS. JCR, 7 (15), 854-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.125



Turabian Style

Mohd Syariefudin Abdullah, Khairul Ghufran Kaspin, Zuraidah ZainolMohamad Kamal Kamaruddin, Baharuddin Jabar. 2020. DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL COHESION AMONG ETHNIC RELATIONS’ STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (15), 854-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.125



Chicago Style

Mohd Syariefudin Abdullah, Khairul Ghufran Kaspin, Zuraidah ZainolMohamad Kamal Kamaruddin, Baharuddin Jabar. "DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL COHESION AMONG ETHNIC RELATIONS’ STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 854-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.125



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohd Syariefudin Abdullah, Khairul Ghufran Kaspin, Zuraidah ZainolMohamad Kamal Kamaruddin, Baharuddin Jabar. "DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL COHESION AMONG ETHNIC RELATIONS’ STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.15 (2020), 854-864. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.125



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohd Syariefudin Abdullah, Khairul Ghufran Kaspin, Zuraidah ZainolMohamad Kamal Kamaruddin, Baharuddin Jabar (2020) DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL COHESION AMONG ETHNIC RELATIONS’ STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (15), 854-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.125