ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


The Impact of Conceptual Environment for Westernization on Architectural Type Analytical Study of Transformations of Architecture in Kurdistan Region- Iraq (1917-2017)

Cebar Jamel Sadiq, Abdullah Yousif Taiyb, Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi, Kadhim Fathel Khalil.

Abstract
Westernization, as a global phenomenon, has had a profound impact on our conceptual environment in general and
on architecture in particular because of its direct material reflection on the built environment. This study examines
the impact of conceptual environment for this phenomenon on the transformation of type of Iraqi architecture in
general and on the architecture of the Kurdistan Region in particular. One specific difficulty of the study was the
lack of documentation and clarity regarding how Westernization impacted the degree and type of architectural
transformations in the Kurdistan Region over a period spanning a 100 years, defined between 1917 to 2017. The
study concluded that there was a wide diversity and variation on the level of influence of Westernization on selected
architectural examples of the study area within that period. This was mainly due to the variety of Western models
adopted as formal and aesthetic references despite their diverse temporal and historical contexts.
Journal of Green Engineering, Vol. 8 1, 15. Alpha Publishers
This is an Open Access publication. 2018 the Author(s). All rights reserved.
2 Cebar Jamel Sadiq et al

Key words: Westernization, Architectural Type, Original Type, Formal Architectual Reference, Conservative Transformations in Type, Disruptive Transformations.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Cebar Jamel Sadiq
Articles by Abdullah Yousif Taiyb
Articles by Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi
Articles by Kadhim Fathel Khalil
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Cebar Jamel Sadiq , Abdullah Yousif Taiyb, Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi, Kadhim Fathel Khalil. The Impact of Conceptual Environment for Westernization on Architectural Type Analytical Study of Transformations of Architecture in Kurdistan Region- Iraq (1917-2017). JCR. 2020; 7(15): 1180-1196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.159


Web Style

Cebar Jamel Sadiq , Abdullah Yousif Taiyb, Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi, Kadhim Fathel Khalil. The Impact of Conceptual Environment for Westernization on Architectural Type Analytical Study of Transformations of Architecture in Kurdistan Region- Iraq (1917-2017). http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=120094 [Access: June 29, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.159


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cebar Jamel Sadiq , Abdullah Yousif Taiyb, Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi, Kadhim Fathel Khalil. The Impact of Conceptual Environment for Westernization on Architectural Type Analytical Study of Transformations of Architecture in Kurdistan Region- Iraq (1917-2017). JCR. 2020; 7(15): 1180-1196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.159



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cebar Jamel Sadiq , Abdullah Yousif Taiyb, Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi, Kadhim Fathel Khalil. The Impact of Conceptual Environment for Westernization on Architectural Type Analytical Study of Transformations of Architecture in Kurdistan Region- Iraq (1917-2017). JCR. (2020), [cited June 29, 2020]; 7(15): 1180-1196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.159



Harvard Style

Cebar Jamel Sadiq , Abdullah Yousif Taiyb, Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi, Kadhim Fathel Khalil (2020) The Impact of Conceptual Environment for Westernization on Architectural Type Analytical Study of Transformations of Architecture in Kurdistan Region- Iraq (1917-2017). JCR, 7 (15), 1180-1196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.159



Turabian Style

Cebar Jamel Sadiq , Abdullah Yousif Taiyb, Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi, Kadhim Fathel Khalil. 2020. The Impact of Conceptual Environment for Westernization on Architectural Type Analytical Study of Transformations of Architecture in Kurdistan Region- Iraq (1917-2017). Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (15), 1180-1196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.159



Chicago Style

Cebar Jamel Sadiq , Abdullah Yousif Taiyb, Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi, Kadhim Fathel Khalil. "The Impact of Conceptual Environment for Westernization on Architectural Type Analytical Study of Transformations of Architecture in Kurdistan Region- Iraq (1917-2017)." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 1180-1196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.159



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cebar Jamel Sadiq , Abdullah Yousif Taiyb, Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi, Kadhim Fathel Khalil. "The Impact of Conceptual Environment for Westernization on Architectural Type Analytical Study of Transformations of Architecture in Kurdistan Region- Iraq (1917-2017)." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.15 (2020), 1180-1196. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.159



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cebar Jamel Sadiq , Abdullah Yousif Taiyb, Ihsan Abdul Wahab Fethi, Kadhim Fathel Khalil (2020) The Impact of Conceptual Environment for Westernization on Architectural Type Analytical Study of Transformations of Architecture in Kurdistan Region- Iraq (1917-2017). Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (15), 1180-1196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.15.159





Most Viewed Articles
  • ANALYTICAL RESULTS OF SLOPE FAILURE AND EFFECTIVE USE OF FLYCAM DATA: A CASE STUDY FROM KM 11 TO KM 13 ON THE 3B HIGHWAY, BACKAN PROVINCE OF VIETNAM
    VIETHA NGUYEN, HONGTHINH PHI, TRUONGTHANH PHI*
    JCR. 2020; 7(1): 1-5
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.07.01.01

  • ZOOTHERAPY AMONG THE ETHNIC GROUPS OF NORTH EASTERN REGION OF INDIA-A CRITICAL REVIEW
    KHIROD SANKAR DAS, SUDIPTA CHOUDHURY, K. CHANREILA L. NONGLAIT
    JCR. 2017; 4(2): 1-9
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2017v4i2.14698

  • CADMIUM NANOPARTICLES AND ITS TOXICITY
    RAJNISH GUPTA
    JCR. 2019; 6(5): 1-7
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i5.34073

  • RECENT THERAPEUTIC PROGRESS OF CHALCONE SCAFFOLD BEARING COMPOUNDS AS PROSPECTIVE ANTI-GOUT CANDIDATES
    DEBARSHI KAR MAHAPATRA, VIVEK ASATI, SANJAY KUMAR BHARTI
    JCR. 2019; 6(1): 1-5
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i1.31760

  • ADVANCES OF HYDRAZONE LINKER IN POLYMERIC DRUG DELIVERY
    SHIVSHANKAR R. MANE
    JCR. 2019; 6(2): 1-4
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i2.31833

  • Most Downloaded
  • CADMIUM NANOPARTICLES AND ITS TOXICITY
    RAJNISH GUPTA
    JCR. 2019; 6(5): 1-7
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i5.34073

  • Multi Drug Resistance in Cancer Therapy-An Overview
    HARISH KADKOL, VIKAS JAIN, AMIT B PATIL*
    JCR. 2019; 6(6): 1-6
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i6.35673

  • ANALYTICAL RESULTS OF SLOPE FAILURE AND EFFECTIVE USE OF FLYCAM DATA: A CASE STUDY FROM KM 11 TO KM 13 ON THE 3B HIGHWAY, BACKAN PROVINCE OF VIETNAM
    VIETHA NGUYEN, HONGTHINH PHI, TRUONGTHANH PHI*
    JCR. 2020; 7(1): 1-5
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.07.01.01

  • AN OVERVIEW ON MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF ACNE
    D. MANOGNA REDDY, VIKAS JAIN
    JCR. 2019; 6(6): 7-14
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i6.35696

  • QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION IN VARIOUS MODELS OF LEGUMES AND THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE PROCESS: A REVIEW
    SAMEER SHARMA, ANIKET MALAGE, SIBI G.
    JCR. 2019; 6(6): 24-28
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2019v6i6.35637

  • Most Cited Articles
  • ZOOTHERAPY AMONG THE ETHNIC GROUPS OF NORTH EASTERN REGION OF INDIA-A CRITICAL REVIEW
    KHIROD SANKAR DAS, SUDIPTA CHOUDHURY, K. CHANREILA L. NONGLAIT
    JCR. 2017; 4(2): 1-9
    » Abstract » doi: 10.22159/jcr.2017v4i2.14698
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]