ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


POTENTIAL MECHANISM DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL HEALTH SECURITY FUNDS AND GRADUATE VOLUNTEERS ON HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN THAILAND

Sawpheeyah Nima, Pongthep Sutheeravut.

Abstract
Thailand has been faced the challenge to solve alcohol, tobacco and drugs for decades. Many
government sectors, especially ministry of public health, and non-government organizations, have critical roles
in control and prevention. However, the other mechanisms are graduate volunteers and local health insurance
funds that have not been yet cleared for their roles in these management. This study aimed to explore and
develop the capacity of both mechanisms in generating plans and projects for fixing these health risk problems
in community level. The study was conducted during June 2017-December 2018by a participatory action
approach in 27 pilot provinces of 12 health regions, Thailand. The 578 participants consisting of100 graduate
volunteers, 306local health security fund committee and 172 provincial coaching teams that were trained to
create plans and projects through a specific website. The findings revealed that both mechanisms actioned in
developing 843 plans for alcohol, tobacco, and drugs equally 276, 276, and 291, respectively. The 1,053 projects
were approved to be done insidethe community for alcohol, tobacco, and the drugs that were 325, 386, and 342,
respectively. The strategic approaches in those plans and projected were categorized into8items:(1) New case
prevention (2) Reducing an access (3) Quitting services (4) Alternative rehabilitation (5) Increasing social
measures (6) Health protection for all (7) Increasing health risk communication (8) Personal role models and
learning centers. These indicated that both mechanisms could be used for health risk solutions at the community
level in all parts of Thailand.

Key words: Local Health Insurance Funds, Graduate Volunteers, Health Risk Management; Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drugs; and Thailand.


 
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Pubmed Style

Sawpheeyah Nima, Pongthep Sutheeravut. POTENTIAL MECHANISM DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL HEALTH SECURITY FUNDS AND GRADUATE VOLUNTEERS ON HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN THAILAND. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 2627-2632. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.323


Web Style

Sawpheeyah Nima, Pongthep Sutheeravut. POTENTIAL MECHANISM DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL HEALTH SECURITY FUNDS AND GRADUATE VOLUNTEERS ON HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN THAILAND. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=120674 [Access: September 14, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.323


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sawpheeyah Nima, Pongthep Sutheeravut. POTENTIAL MECHANISM DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL HEALTH SECURITY FUNDS AND GRADUATE VOLUNTEERS ON HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN THAILAND. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 2627-2632. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.323



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sawpheeyah Nima, Pongthep Sutheeravut. POTENTIAL MECHANISM DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL HEALTH SECURITY FUNDS AND GRADUATE VOLUNTEERS ON HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN THAILAND. JCR. (2020), [cited September 14, 2020]; 7(19): 2627-2632. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.323



Harvard Style

Sawpheeyah Nima, Pongthep Sutheeravut (2020) POTENTIAL MECHANISM DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL HEALTH SECURITY FUNDS AND GRADUATE VOLUNTEERS ON HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN THAILAND. JCR, 7 (19), 2627-2632. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.323



Turabian Style

Sawpheeyah Nima, Pongthep Sutheeravut. 2020. POTENTIAL MECHANISM DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL HEALTH SECURITY FUNDS AND GRADUATE VOLUNTEERS ON HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN THAILAND. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 2627-2632. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.323



Chicago Style

Sawpheeyah Nima, Pongthep Sutheeravut. "POTENTIAL MECHANISM DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL HEALTH SECURITY FUNDS AND GRADUATE VOLUNTEERS ON HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN THAILAND." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2627-2632. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.323



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sawpheeyah Nima, Pongthep Sutheeravut. "POTENTIAL MECHANISM DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL HEALTH SECURITY FUNDS AND GRADUATE VOLUNTEERS ON HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN THAILAND." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 2627-2632. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.323



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sawpheeyah Nima, Pongthep Sutheeravut (2020) POTENTIAL MECHANISM DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL HEALTH SECURITY FUNDS AND GRADUATE VOLUNTEERS ON HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN THAILAND. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 2627-2632. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.323