ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


EARLY BRONZE AGE TABULAR SCRAPERS FROM NORTHERN JORDAN: KHIRBET EZ-ZERAQOUN CASE STUDY

Mohammad H. Jaradat, Khaled A. Douglas, Mohamad A. Al-Dairy, Abdulraouf S. Mayyas.

Abstract
Tabular scrapers are very distinguished stone tools in southern Levant. They started to appear in the late Neolithic, reached its peak in the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age. By the end of the EBIII it stopped suddenly and never showed up again in the following periods. Early Bronze Age sites in southern Levant yielded few numbers of tabular scrapers. Archaeologists believe that this type of stone tools was produced in certain workshops/quarries in remote areas in the desert such south- and northeast Jordan and was shipped to those sites (permanent settlements/urban centers) in the northcentral and northern regions of Jordan through a well-established trade network. Excavations at the fortified EBII-III city at Khirbet ez-Zeraqounin northern Jordan yielded thousands of flints tools and flakes. Three selected buildings(Temple complex, palace district and residential building) were chosen in this study as representative sample for the excavated parts of the settlement. Among 4000 flints pieces found in those three buildings just 10 tabular scrapers were identified. 60% percent of them found building B1.3 in the lower city. The function of these scrapers in some sites connected with ritual purposes. In Khirbet ez-Zeraqoun this function seems to be more clear since two pieces were found in the temple complex and six pieces in building B1.3 that showed some signs of ritual function.

Key words: Tabular scrapers, Khirbet ez-Zeraqoun, EBII-III, North Jordan, ritual function


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mohammad H. Jaradat, Khaled A. Douglas, Mohamad A. Al-Dairy , Abdulraouf S. Mayyas. EARLY BRONZE AGE TABULAR SCRAPERS FROM NORTHERN JORDAN: KHIRBET EZ-ZERAQOUN CASE STUDY. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 4068-4079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.475


Web Style

Mohammad H. Jaradat, Khaled A. Douglas, Mohamad A. Al-Dairy , Abdulraouf S. Mayyas. EARLY BRONZE AGE TABULAR SCRAPERS FROM NORTHERN JORDAN: KHIRBET EZ-ZERAQOUN CASE STUDY. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=127120 [Access: September 15, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.475


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohammad H. Jaradat, Khaled A. Douglas, Mohamad A. Al-Dairy , Abdulraouf S. Mayyas. EARLY BRONZE AGE TABULAR SCRAPERS FROM NORTHERN JORDAN: KHIRBET EZ-ZERAQOUN CASE STUDY. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 4068-4079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.475



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohammad H. Jaradat, Khaled A. Douglas, Mohamad A. Al-Dairy , Abdulraouf S. Mayyas. EARLY BRONZE AGE TABULAR SCRAPERS FROM NORTHERN JORDAN: KHIRBET EZ-ZERAQOUN CASE STUDY. JCR. (2020), [cited September 15, 2020]; 7(19): 4068-4079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.475



Harvard Style

Mohammad H. Jaradat, Khaled A. Douglas, Mohamad A. Al-Dairy , Abdulraouf S. Mayyas (2020) EARLY BRONZE AGE TABULAR SCRAPERS FROM NORTHERN JORDAN: KHIRBET EZ-ZERAQOUN CASE STUDY. JCR, 7 (19), 4068-4079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.475



Turabian Style

Mohammad H. Jaradat, Khaled A. Douglas, Mohamad A. Al-Dairy , Abdulraouf S. Mayyas. 2020. EARLY BRONZE AGE TABULAR SCRAPERS FROM NORTHERN JORDAN: KHIRBET EZ-ZERAQOUN CASE STUDY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 4068-4079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.475



Chicago Style

Mohammad H. Jaradat, Khaled A. Douglas, Mohamad A. Al-Dairy , Abdulraouf S. Mayyas. "EARLY BRONZE AGE TABULAR SCRAPERS FROM NORTHERN JORDAN: KHIRBET EZ-ZERAQOUN CASE STUDY." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 4068-4079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.475



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohammad H. Jaradat, Khaled A. Douglas, Mohamad A. Al-Dairy , Abdulraouf S. Mayyas. "EARLY BRONZE AGE TABULAR SCRAPERS FROM NORTHERN JORDAN: KHIRBET EZ-ZERAQOUN CASE STUDY." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 4068-4079. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.475



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohammad H. Jaradat, Khaled A. Douglas, Mohamad A. Al-Dairy , Abdulraouf S. Mayyas (2020) EARLY BRONZE AGE TABULAR SCRAPERS FROM NORTHERN JORDAN: KHIRBET EZ-ZERAQOUN CASE STUDY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 4068-4079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.475