ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


OVERVIEW OF FALLING AND RISK FACTORS OF FALLING IN THE ELDERLY IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA

Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Urip Rahayu, Naufal Fauziah.

Abstract
Falling on the elderly is a significant cause of injury and limited activity which can cause disability, dependence, decrease in quality of life to death. Falling can be prevented by identifying risk factors to design a fall prevention intervention strategy further. This study aims to identify the description of fall and risk factors falls in the elderly. One hundred respondents were recruited using purposive sampling. The instruments used in this study used demographic data questionnaires, health data questionnaires, MMSE questionnaires, Barthel Index, and BBS. The results showed that 25% of the elderly had fallen in the past year. The direction of falling, the time of fall, and the place of fall most are going forward, during the day and outside the home. The physical impact caused by falling most is pain, bruising, swelling and the effect of falling psychologically is the fear of falling and limiting activity. The elderly who experience the most falls are very old age (> 90), female sex, widow/widower marital status, high school education status, BMI, no smoking, previous history of falls, hypertension, joint pain, vertigo, using the medicine, have a mild cognitive impairment, mild dependence, and risk balance disorders fall high. Nurses are expected to be able to design a fall prevention program, to reduce the incidence of falls the elderly in the form of education and intervention.

Key words: Elderly, Falling, Risk Factors


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Urip Rahayu, Naufal Fauziah. OVERVIEW OF FALLING AND RISK FACTORS OF FALLING IN THE ELDERLY IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 4518-4526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.530


Web Style

Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Urip Rahayu, Naufal Fauziah. OVERVIEW OF FALLING AND RISK FACTORS OF FALLING IN THE ELDERLY IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=127690 [Access: September 15, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.530


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Urip Rahayu, Naufal Fauziah. OVERVIEW OF FALLING AND RISK FACTORS OF FALLING IN THE ELDERLY IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 4518-4526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.530



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Urip Rahayu, Naufal Fauziah. OVERVIEW OF FALLING AND RISK FACTORS OF FALLING IN THE ELDERLY IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA. JCR. (2020), [cited September 15, 2020]; 7(19): 4518-4526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.530



Harvard Style

Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Urip Rahayu, Naufal Fauziah (2020) OVERVIEW OF FALLING AND RISK FACTORS OF FALLING IN THE ELDERLY IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA. JCR, 7 (19), 4518-4526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.530



Turabian Style

Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Urip Rahayu, Naufal Fauziah. 2020. OVERVIEW OF FALLING AND RISK FACTORS OF FALLING IN THE ELDERLY IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 4518-4526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.530



Chicago Style

Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Urip Rahayu, Naufal Fauziah. "OVERVIEW OF FALLING AND RISK FACTORS OF FALLING IN THE ELDERLY IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 4518-4526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.530



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Urip Rahayu, Naufal Fauziah. "OVERVIEW OF FALLING AND RISK FACTORS OF FALLING IN THE ELDERLY IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 4518-4526. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.530



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Urip Rahayu, Naufal Fauziah (2020) OVERVIEW OF FALLING AND RISK FACTORS OF FALLING IN THE ELDERLY IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 4518-4526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.530