ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


INTERNATIONAL TRADE, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE LINKAGES WITH REFERENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE (EKC) FOR CO2 EMISSION IN INDIA

Shahin Khan, Shilpi Gupta.

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  • Abstract
    The present study deals with the estimation of Environmental Kuznets Curve in India by using Johansen co-integration and application of difference equation for the period 1985-2018. This study uses secondary data on GDP per capita, trade intensity and CO2 emission from world data indicator of world bank. The empirical finding supports the existence of „Nā€Ÿ shaped relationship between environmental degradation and growth of GDP. The inclusion of trade intensity suggest that trade liberalisation increases CO2 emission in India. The acceptance of EKC implies that there is environmental degradation at early stage of development but at a broad level of development per capita emission of CO2 begin to decline which means nation can opt for present value of higher future growth and clean environment at the cost of current rate of environmental damage.

    Key words: EKC, CO2 emission, Environmental degradation, Trade intensity.


     
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    Pubmed Style

    Khan S, Gupta S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE LINKAGES WITH REFERENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE (EKC) FOR CO2 EMISSION IN INDIA. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 5167-5182. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.597


    Web Style

    Khan S, Gupta S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE LINKAGES WITH REFERENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE (EKC) FOR CO2 EMISSION IN INDIA. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=131671 [Access: September 15, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.597


    AMA (American Medical Association) Style

    Khan S, Gupta S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE LINKAGES WITH REFERENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE (EKC) FOR CO2 EMISSION IN INDIA. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 5167-5182. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.597



    Vancouver/ICMJE Style

    Khan S, Gupta S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE LINKAGES WITH REFERENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE (EKC) FOR CO2 EMISSION IN INDIA. JCR. (2020), [cited September 15, 2020]; 7(19): 5167-5182. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.597



    Harvard Style

    Khan, S. & Gupta, . S. (2020) INTERNATIONAL TRADE, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE LINKAGES WITH REFERENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE (EKC) FOR CO2 EMISSION IN INDIA. JCR, 7 (19), 5167-5182. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.597



    Turabian Style

    Khan, Shahin, and Shilpi Gupta. 2020. INTERNATIONAL TRADE, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE LINKAGES WITH REFERENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE (EKC) FOR CO2 EMISSION IN INDIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 5167-5182. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.597



    Chicago Style

    Khan, Shahin, and Shilpi Gupta. "INTERNATIONAL TRADE, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE LINKAGES WITH REFERENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE (EKC) FOR CO2 EMISSION IN INDIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 5167-5182. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.597



    MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

    Khan, Shahin, and Shilpi Gupta. "INTERNATIONAL TRADE, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE LINKAGES WITH REFERENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE (EKC) FOR CO2 EMISSION IN INDIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 5167-5182. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.597



    APA (American Psychological Association) Style

    Khan, S. & Gupta, . S. (2020) INTERNATIONAL TRADE, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE LINKAGES WITH REFERENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE (EKC) FOR CO2 EMISSION IN INDIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 5167-5182. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.597