ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


MUSLIM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTERACTION IN AN ONLINE RADICAL SPACE : A SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY PERSPECTIVE

Saude Saude.

Abstract
Some studies argue that radical organizations have targeted young individuals to be recruited as
new members using social media platforms. The recruitment of young individuals is a stage by stage process by
inspiring and depicting radical ideology on various social media sites. However, limited studies have been
conducted to understand how young Muslim individuals begin to interact with the radical organization on social
media sites and then being recruited and end up with radical ideology and actions. Therefore, this study uses the
social movement theory to understand Muslim university students‟ interaction in radical online space in two
universities in a former ethnic deadly conflict regency in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. This study employed a
qualitative method in which the data were gathered through focus groups and in-depth interviews. However, the
identification of radical students was made prior to the interview through a quick survey. From the survey, we
identified 23 students had made interaction in radical online space using social media platform. After that, we
carried out twice a focus group session with the identified students. From the focus group discussion, we found
ten students have deeply involved in online radicalism activities and then continued with an in-depth interview
to understand their involvement from social movement theory. Our findings show that the ten students have
moved from first to the fourth social stage of social movement during their interaction in radical online space
before they withdraw from further involvement with radical activities. We also found that radical organizations
use social media to incite and indoctrinated before the students decline or success to be recruited. Our study is
different from previous studies, which argue that individuals can be recruited without involving in an
ideological interaction. We suspect that Muslim individuals who can be recruited without prior indoctrination
are individuals with high social and political dissatisfaction.

Key words: Online radical space, Social media sites, Radicalism, social movement theory


 
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Pubmed Style

Saude Saude. MUSLIM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTERACTION IN AN ONLINE RADICAL SPACE : A SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY PERSPECTIVE. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 6062-6070. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.701


Web Style

Saude Saude. MUSLIM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTERACTION IN AN ONLINE RADICAL SPACE : A SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY PERSPECTIVE. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=133722 [Access: September 14, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.701


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Saude Saude. MUSLIM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTERACTION IN AN ONLINE RADICAL SPACE : A SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY PERSPECTIVE. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 6062-6070. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.701



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Saude Saude. MUSLIM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTERACTION IN AN ONLINE RADICAL SPACE : A SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY PERSPECTIVE. JCR. (2020), [cited September 14, 2020]; 7(19): 6062-6070. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.701



Harvard Style

Saude Saude (2020) MUSLIM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTERACTION IN AN ONLINE RADICAL SPACE : A SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY PERSPECTIVE. JCR, 7 (19), 6062-6070. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.701



Turabian Style

Saude Saude. 2020. MUSLIM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTERACTION IN AN ONLINE RADICAL SPACE : A SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY PERSPECTIVE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 6062-6070. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.701



Chicago Style

Saude Saude. "MUSLIM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTERACTION IN AN ONLINE RADICAL SPACE : A SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY PERSPECTIVE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 6062-6070. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.701



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Saude Saude. "MUSLIM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTERACTION IN AN ONLINE RADICAL SPACE : A SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY PERSPECTIVE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 6062-6070. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.701



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Saude Saude (2020) MUSLIM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTERACTION IN AN ONLINE RADICAL SPACE : A SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY PERSPECTIVE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 6062-6070. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.701