ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET

Chang Seek Lee.

Abstract
This study aimed to determine the moderating effect of growth mindset on the mediating effect
of mindfulness in the link between gratitude and happiness of high school students in Korea. Data were
analyzed using SPSS PC+ Win. Ver. 25.0 and SPSS PROCESS macro Ver. 3.4. The statistical techniques that
were applied were frequency analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis and a moderated mediation effect
analysis. First, as a result of correlation analysis, happiness was significantly positively correlated with gratitude,
growth mindset and mindfulness, and the correlation between happiness and gratitude showed the highest
coefficient. Second, mindfulness played a mediating role in the link between gratitude and happiness. Third, the
growth mindset moderated the relationship between gratitude and mindfulness. Fourth, as a result of the
moderated mediation effect analysis, the growth mindset moderated the mediating effect of mindfulness in the
link between gratitude and happiness. Based on these findings, this study discussed methods for improving the
happiness of high school students through the gratitude, growth mindset and mindfulness.

Key words: Gratitude, Mindfulness, Growth mindset, Happiness, High school student


 
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Pubmed Style

Chang Seek Lee. THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 6178-6187. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.714


Web Style

Chang Seek Lee. THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=133769 [Access: September 14, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.714


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chang Seek Lee. THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 6178-6187. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.714



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chang Seek Lee. THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. JCR. (2020), [cited September 14, 2020]; 7(19): 6178-6187. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.714



Harvard Style

Chang Seek Lee (2020) THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. JCR, 7 (19), 6178-6187. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.714



Turabian Style

Chang Seek Lee. 2020. THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 6178-6187. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.714



Chicago Style

Chang Seek Lee. "THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 6178-6187. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.714



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chang Seek Lee. "THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 6178-6187. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.714



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chang Seek Lee (2020) THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 6178-6187. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.714