ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS: A STUDY ON “THE FATWA OF SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS ON THE FRIDAY PRAYER”

Mohd Zahirwan Halim Zainal Abidin, Nooraileen Ibrahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, Hamdi Rahman Mohd Yaacob, Abd. Munir Mohd Noh, Muhammad Yusri Paiz Hassan.

Abstract
Muslim scholars of the Malay world have played an important role in spreading Islamic teachings to the people of this region. Their efforts were carried out through various mediums, be it verbal presentations or in the form of writing. The glory of Malay scholarship and field of knowledge reached its zenith when many local scholars obtained their education at Masjidil Haram, Mecca in the 18th century. Among them was Syeikh Ahmad Khatib Sambas (1802 M-1872 M), a scholar from the Malay Archipelago who was renowned for his expansive knowledge on Islam. This study will discuss the biography of Syeikh Ahmad Khatib Sambas (1802 M-1872 M) and analyse the contents of his writings, specifically "The Fatwa of Syeikh Ahmad Khatib Sambas On Friday Prayers". To reach this objective, this study's methodology will apply the qualitative method, encompassing document analysis and interviews to obtain research findings. The research findings of this study show that Syeikh Ahmad Khatib Sambas (1802 M-1872 M) grew up in and was surrounded by an environment steeped in knowledge, which made him become one of the Archipelago's most revered scholars. His works related to Friday prayers have highly benefited the field of knowledge, particularly pertaining to the issue of the size of congregations, which had caused a polemic among scholars. His fatwa regarding the problem is still relevant today, as the issue continues to arise. Therefore, his views on issues related to Friday prayers have provided guidance within the community and prevented any misunderstandings regarding obligations to perform it. His fatwa has created a shift in the issues of fiqh related to Friday prayers, which are unravelled based on the views of the Syafie school, besides taking into consideration certain priorities that are based on the scenarios that occurr in the local community.

Key words: Scholar, Malay Archipelago, Syeikh Ahmad Khatib Sambas, Fatwa, Friday Prayers


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mohd Zahirwan Halim Zainal Abidin, Nooraileen Ibrahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, Hamdi Rahman Mohd Yaacob, Abd. Munir Mohd Noh, Muhammad Yusri Paiz Hassan. SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS: A STUDY ON “THE FATWA OF SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS ON THE FRIDAY PRAYER”. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 7709-7716. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.877


Web Style

Mohd Zahirwan Halim Zainal Abidin, Nooraileen Ibrahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, Hamdi Rahman Mohd Yaacob, Abd. Munir Mohd Noh, Muhammad Yusri Paiz Hassan. SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS: A STUDY ON “THE FATWA OF SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS ON THE FRIDAY PRAYER”. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=136115 [Access: January 03, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.877


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohd Zahirwan Halim Zainal Abidin, Nooraileen Ibrahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, Hamdi Rahman Mohd Yaacob, Abd. Munir Mohd Noh, Muhammad Yusri Paiz Hassan. SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS: A STUDY ON “THE FATWA OF SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS ON THE FRIDAY PRAYER”. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 7709-7716. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.877



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohd Zahirwan Halim Zainal Abidin, Nooraileen Ibrahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, Hamdi Rahman Mohd Yaacob, Abd. Munir Mohd Noh, Muhammad Yusri Paiz Hassan. SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS: A STUDY ON “THE FATWA OF SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS ON THE FRIDAY PRAYER”. JCR. (2020), [cited January 03, 2021]; 7(19): 7709-7716. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.877



Harvard Style

Mohd Zahirwan Halim Zainal Abidin, Nooraileen Ibrahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, Hamdi Rahman Mohd Yaacob, Abd. Munir Mohd Noh, Muhammad Yusri Paiz Hassan (2020) SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS: A STUDY ON “THE FATWA OF SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS ON THE FRIDAY PRAYER”. JCR, 7 (19), 7709-7716. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.877



Turabian Style

Mohd Zahirwan Halim Zainal Abidin, Nooraileen Ibrahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, Hamdi Rahman Mohd Yaacob, Abd. Munir Mohd Noh, Muhammad Yusri Paiz Hassan. 2020. SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS: A STUDY ON “THE FATWA OF SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS ON THE FRIDAY PRAYER”. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 7709-7716. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.877



Chicago Style

Mohd Zahirwan Halim Zainal Abidin, Nooraileen Ibrahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, Hamdi Rahman Mohd Yaacob, Abd. Munir Mohd Noh, Muhammad Yusri Paiz Hassan. "SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS: A STUDY ON “THE FATWA OF SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS ON THE FRIDAY PRAYER”." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 7709-7716. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.877



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohd Zahirwan Halim Zainal Abidin, Nooraileen Ibrahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, Hamdi Rahman Mohd Yaacob, Abd. Munir Mohd Noh, Muhammad Yusri Paiz Hassan. "SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS: A STUDY ON “THE FATWA OF SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS ON THE FRIDAY PRAYER”." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 7709-7716. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.877



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohd Zahirwan Halim Zainal Abidin, Nooraileen Ibrahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, Hamdi Rahman Mohd Yaacob, Abd. Munir Mohd Noh, Muhammad Yusri Paiz Hassan (2020) SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS: A STUDY ON “THE FATWA OF SYEIKH AHMAD KHATIB SAMBAS ON THE FRIDAY PRAYER”. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 7709-7716. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.877