ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Effect of Farmers’ Educational Level on Adaptation to War on Terror and Livelihoods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

SabirIhsan, Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam, Dr. Azizullah Jan, Muhammad Uzair, Dr. IhsanUllah Khan.

Abstract
This study was conducted to examine the effect of education on farmers’ adaptation to war on terror and livelihood
sustainability in the agriculture and tourism dependent districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Using multistage
random sampling technique data were collected from 370 respondents. The study uses theđťś’2test for seeing
associations and Kruskal–Wallis H test for checking differences among farmers adaptation to war on terror and
livelihood with differences in their educational level. The results showed significant association between farmers’
educational level and their adaptation to war on terror and livelihood. Results further revealed significant differences
in farmers’ adaptation to war on terror and livelihoods with differences in their educational level. The study
recommends that the farmers need reasonable educational services for increasing adaptation to war on terror and
livelihood. Therefore, for providing effective services, education may be increase in the study area and efforts may
be made to provide non-formaleducation to farming community

Key words: terror, livelihood, war, farmer adaptation, and education


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

SabirIhsan, Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam, Dr. Azizullah Jan, Muhammad Uzair, Dr. IhsanUllah Khan. Effect of Farmers’ Educational Level on Adaptation to War on Terror and Livelihoods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. JCR. 2021; 8(1): 615-619. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.69


Web Style

SabirIhsan, Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam, Dr. Azizullah Jan, Muhammad Uzair, Dr. IhsanUllah Khan. Effect of Farmers’ Educational Level on Adaptation to War on Terror and Livelihoods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=55332 [Access: February 12, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.69


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

SabirIhsan, Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam, Dr. Azizullah Jan, Muhammad Uzair, Dr. IhsanUllah Khan. Effect of Farmers’ Educational Level on Adaptation to War on Terror and Livelihoods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. JCR. 2021; 8(1): 615-619. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.69



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

SabirIhsan, Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam, Dr. Azizullah Jan, Muhammad Uzair, Dr. IhsanUllah Khan. Effect of Farmers’ Educational Level on Adaptation to War on Terror and Livelihoods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. JCR. (2021), [cited February 12, 2021]; 8(1): 615-619. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.69



Harvard Style

SabirIhsan, Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam, Dr. Azizullah Jan, Muhammad Uzair, Dr. IhsanUllah Khan (2021) Effect of Farmers’ Educational Level on Adaptation to War on Terror and Livelihoods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. JCR, 8 (1), 615-619. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.69



Turabian Style

SabirIhsan, Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam, Dr. Azizullah Jan, Muhammad Uzair, Dr. IhsanUllah Khan. 2021. Effect of Farmers’ Educational Level on Adaptation to War on Terror and Livelihoods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (1), 615-619. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.69



Chicago Style

SabirIhsan, Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam, Dr. Azizullah Jan, Muhammad Uzair, Dr. IhsanUllah Khan. "Effect of Farmers’ Educational Level on Adaptation to War on Terror and Livelihoods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 615-619. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.69



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

SabirIhsan, Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam, Dr. Azizullah Jan, Muhammad Uzair, Dr. IhsanUllah Khan. "Effect of Farmers’ Educational Level on Adaptation to War on Terror and Livelihoods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.1 (2021), 615-619. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.69



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

SabirIhsan, Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam, Dr. Azizullah Jan, Muhammad Uzair, Dr. IhsanUllah Khan (2021) Effect of Farmers’ Educational Level on Adaptation to War on Terror and Livelihoods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (1), 615-619. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.69