ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review

Sarah Khalid AlFozan, Mohammed Ali AlKahtani.

Abstract
This study aimed at reviewing the literature published in scientific journals in English language during the period
2012-2019 in order to identify their research designs and methodologies and to discuss the barriers to employment
of individuals with intellectual disabilities. The study sought to identify those barriers from the point of view of
employers, parents, and employees with intellectual disabilities. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria,
eight references proved to be in conformity with the criteria and were included in this review. The results of the
study highlighted the diversity of the research designs used, including quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods
research designs. Moreover, the results indicated that there are a number of legal, economic, and employer-related
obstacles facing employment of individuals with intellectual disabilities. However, the study identified a number
of obstacles that are related to the individuals with intellectual disabilities themselves, the society, and the
surrounding environment. The study recommended reviewing the laws and regulations related to company and
institutional management so as to preserve the rights of employees with intellectual disabilities. In addition, the
study recommended that these companies develop their current infrastructure so that, in future, their facilities are
suitable for all groups of society

Key words: obstacles, barriers, intellectual disability, employment, work.


 
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Pubmed Style

Sarah Khalid AlFozan, Mohammed Ali AlKahtani. Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. JCR. 2021; 8(1): 1016-1028. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.113


Web Style

Sarah Khalid AlFozan, Mohammed Ali AlKahtani. Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=62820 [Access: May 31, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.113


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sarah Khalid AlFozan, Mohammed Ali AlKahtani. Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. JCR. 2021; 8(1): 1016-1028. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.113



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sarah Khalid AlFozan, Mohammed Ali AlKahtani. Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. JCR. (2021), [cited May 31, 2021]; 8(1): 1016-1028. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.113



Harvard Style

Sarah Khalid AlFozan, Mohammed Ali AlKahtani (2021) Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. JCR, 8 (1), 1016-1028. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.113



Turabian Style

Sarah Khalid AlFozan, Mohammed Ali AlKahtani. 2021. Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (1), 1016-1028. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.113



Chicago Style

Sarah Khalid AlFozan, Mohammed Ali AlKahtani. "Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 1016-1028. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.113



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sarah Khalid AlFozan, Mohammed Ali AlKahtani. "Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.1 (2021), 1016-1028. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.113



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sarah Khalid AlFozan, Mohammed Ali AlKahtani (2021) Barriers to Employment for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (1), 1016-1028. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.113