ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Historical pendulum of sovereignism as a result of the “black holes” of sovereignty

Liudmyla D. Chekalenko.

Abstract
The article explores the issue of ―sovereignism‖ – a phenomenon that strengthened in Europe in the interwar period and
blossomed after the Second World War. Nowadays, ―sovereignism‖ implies a return to, or a greater focus of attention
on the nation-state, in opposition to the globalisation. In Ukraine, the modern ―sovereignism‖, as the author arguments,
is caused by the ―black holes‖ in sovereignty – misuse of sovereignty principle as an artificially created and legally
warranted mechanism that serves interests of the political authorities. The reasons for these ―black‖ gaps range from
internal to external and include Holodomor, war, refugee crisis, lawlessness and the abuse of human dignity.
In order to oppose ―sovereignism‖, the author suggests, it is to eradicate war as a phenomenon incompatible
with the human existence, promote mutual assistance, respect international law, and strengthen the weaklings of the
global system. The remedy may seem utopic, but it becomes reality with each of the small bricks put into the foundation
of the future building.

Key words: sovereignism, ―black holes‖, sovereignty, aggressor, artificial mechanism, war, burning issue


 
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Pubmed Style

Liudmyla D. Chekalenko. Historical pendulum of sovereignism as a result of the “black holes” of sovereignty. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1-10. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.01


Web Style

Liudmyla D. Chekalenko. Historical pendulum of sovereignism as a result of the “black holes” of sovereignty. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=66014 [Access: May 30, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.01


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Liudmyla D. Chekalenko. Historical pendulum of sovereignism as a result of the “black holes” of sovereignty. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1-10. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.01



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Liudmyla D. Chekalenko. Historical pendulum of sovereignism as a result of the “black holes” of sovereignty. JCR. (2021), [cited May 30, 2021]; 8(2): 1-10. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.01



Harvard Style

Liudmyla D. Chekalenko (2021) Historical pendulum of sovereignism as a result of the “black holes” of sovereignty. JCR, 8 (2), 1-10. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.01



Turabian Style

Liudmyla D. Chekalenko. 2021. Historical pendulum of sovereignism as a result of the “black holes” of sovereignty. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1-10. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.01



Chicago Style

Liudmyla D. Chekalenko. "Historical pendulum of sovereignism as a result of the “black holes” of sovereignty." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 1-10. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.01



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Liudmyla D. Chekalenko. "Historical pendulum of sovereignism as a result of the “black holes” of sovereignty." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 1-10. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.01



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Liudmyla D. Chekalenko (2021) Historical pendulum of sovereignism as a result of the “black holes” of sovereignty. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1-10. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.01