ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Effect of Individual Counselling on Social Adjustment of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Calabar Metropolis

Ekpang, P. U; Nta, Okoi O..

Abstract
The study was aimed at examining the effect of individual counseling on social adjustment of people living with
HIV/AIDS in Calabar metropolis, Cross River State. To achieve this purpose, three research questions were raised and
hypothesis stated. The study adopted a pre –posttest quasi –experimental research design with purposive sampling techniques
used to select the respondents of the study. The respondents were selected using medical personnel in charge of providing dru gs
for these victims, the victims were earlier informed that counseling session will be organized and the researchers were engaged
to provide counseling to the victims. A total of 87 clients were used for the study. A pretest was first administered to the total
number of patients that were present for the counseling. Those that were not counseled were used as the control group while
those that were counseled were used as the experimental group. After the counseling, a post test was administered to those
both counseled and those that were not counseled. A questionnaire titled Social Adjustment Scale (SAS) was used for data
collection. The questionnaire was validated and the reliability of the instrument was pilot tested using Cronbach alpha relia bility
technique and the coefficient of the sub scale was 0.78. Data was collected by the researchers who are professional counselors
and the data obtained were analysed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and the result there is a significant effect of
individual counseling on social adjustment of people living with HIV/AIDs in Calabar Metropolis. Based on the findings of the
study, it was recommended that counseling should be made compulsory for all patients of HIV/AIDS to ensure that are helped
to resolve social problems such as rejection and st igmatization that is commonly associated with them.

Key words: Individual Counselling, Social Adjustment, and People Living with Hiv/Aids


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

U EP, O. NO. Effect of Individual Counselling on Social Adjustment of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Calabar Metropolis. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 138-143. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.16


Web Style

U EP, O. NO. Effect of Individual Counselling on Social Adjustment of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Calabar Metropolis. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=67852 [Access: May 31, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.16


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

U EP, O. NO. Effect of Individual Counselling on Social Adjustment of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Calabar Metropolis. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 138-143. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.16



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

U EP, O. NO. Effect of Individual Counselling on Social Adjustment of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Calabar Metropolis. JCR. (2021), [cited May 31, 2021]; 8(2): 138-143. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.16



Harvard Style

U, E. P. & O., . N. O. (2021) Effect of Individual Counselling on Social Adjustment of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Calabar Metropolis. JCR, 8 (2), 138-143. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.16



Turabian Style

U, Ekpang, P., and Nta, Okoi O.. 2021. Effect of Individual Counselling on Social Adjustment of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Calabar Metropolis. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 138-143. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.16



Chicago Style

U, Ekpang, P., and Nta, Okoi O.. "Effect of Individual Counselling on Social Adjustment of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Calabar Metropolis." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 138-143. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.16



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

U, Ekpang, P., and Nta, Okoi O.. "Effect of Individual Counselling on Social Adjustment of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Calabar Metropolis." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 138-143. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.16



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

U, E. P. & O., . N. O. (2021) Effect of Individual Counselling on Social Adjustment of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Calabar Metropolis. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 138-143. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.16