ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF EFL IRAQI LEARNERS BETWEEN FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION AND EXTROVERSION VERSUS INTROVERSION: A CASE STUDY OF KARBALA UNIVERSITY

Salman Hintaw Abdulhussein.

Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the correlation between both the fear of negative evaluation and extroversion versus introversion of two individual differences among EFL Iraqi learners, both in the educational setting and out of the classroom in Iraq, Karbala, in the broader social setting. The participants of the current study are 306 Iraqi EFL female and male leaners who were selected randomly. The learners‘ age ranged from 18 to over 27 years old. The appropriate data was obtained by adding two standard questionnaires to the original versions: (a) A scale for fear of negative evaluation (FNE) developed by Leary (1983). Its internal consistency was good for the positive scored factor (α=0.87) and for the full BFNE scale (α=0.84) and acceptable for the reverse scored factor (α=0.47). BFNE is a valid and reliable measurement instrument for measuring fear of negative evaluation in students. (b) The extroversion scale (E-scale) of Eysenck Personality Inventory (1968). The reliability of this questionnaire was also estimated by the researcher using split-half method. The reliability of English version of this questionnaire was also estimated by Rashidi, Yamini, and Shafiei (2011) using split-half method in Iran. The obtained reliability index was 75. In order to evaluate the origins and levels of fear of negative evaluation and the association between FNE and E/I among EFL learners, the Pearson correlation was computed. The results obtained through applying Pearson Product Moment correlation and T-test reveals the strong association between fear of negative appraisal and EFL extrovert learners was positive.
It was also found that, with regard to their fear of negative evaluation, there was a statistically considerable gap between males and females in favor of females and that there was no statistically meaningful difference between fear of negative evaluation and EFL Iraqi introvert learners.

Key words: EFL Iraqi learners, fear of negative evaluation, extroversion, introversion.


 
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Pubmed Style

Salman Hintaw Abdulhussein. ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF EFL IRAQI LEARNERS BETWEEN FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION AND EXTROVERSION VERSUS INTROVERSION: A CASE STUDY OF KARBALA UNIVERSITY. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 324-333. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.36


Web Style

Salman Hintaw Abdulhussein. ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF EFL IRAQI LEARNERS BETWEEN FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION AND EXTROVERSION VERSUS INTROVERSION: A CASE STUDY OF KARBALA UNIVERSITY. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=71422 [Access: May 31, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.36


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Salman Hintaw Abdulhussein. ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF EFL IRAQI LEARNERS BETWEEN FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION AND EXTROVERSION VERSUS INTROVERSION: A CASE STUDY OF KARBALA UNIVERSITY. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 324-333. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.36



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Salman Hintaw Abdulhussein. ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF EFL IRAQI LEARNERS BETWEEN FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION AND EXTROVERSION VERSUS INTROVERSION: A CASE STUDY OF KARBALA UNIVERSITY. JCR. (2021), [cited May 31, 2021]; 8(2): 324-333. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.36



Harvard Style

Salman Hintaw Abdulhussein (2021) ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF EFL IRAQI LEARNERS BETWEEN FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION AND EXTROVERSION VERSUS INTROVERSION: A CASE STUDY OF KARBALA UNIVERSITY. JCR, 8 (2), 324-333. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.36



Turabian Style

Salman Hintaw Abdulhussein. 2021. ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF EFL IRAQI LEARNERS BETWEEN FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION AND EXTROVERSION VERSUS INTROVERSION: A CASE STUDY OF KARBALA UNIVERSITY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 324-333. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.36



Chicago Style

Salman Hintaw Abdulhussein. "ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF EFL IRAQI LEARNERS BETWEEN FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION AND EXTROVERSION VERSUS INTROVERSION: A CASE STUDY OF KARBALA UNIVERSITY." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 324-333. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.36



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Salman Hintaw Abdulhussein. "ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF EFL IRAQI LEARNERS BETWEEN FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION AND EXTROVERSION VERSUS INTROVERSION: A CASE STUDY OF KARBALA UNIVERSITY." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 324-333. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.36



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Salman Hintaw Abdulhussein (2021) ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF EFL IRAQI LEARNERS BETWEEN FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION AND EXTROVERSION VERSUS INTROVERSION: A CASE STUDY OF KARBALA UNIVERSITY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 324-333. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.36