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ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


The Centennial of the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan-One hundred years of development in the health sector in Jordan

Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein.

Abstract
The Emirate of East Jordan was established in 1921 and included most of the lands east of the Jordan River, from which it took this name. Since then, the health sector in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has witnessed a significant and tangible development, although it faced many challenges. The Kingdom paid attention to providing comprehensive health care to all individuals in society, as the health sector is considered one of the most vital sectors in the Kingdom. This article highlights different milestones the health sector passed through during the last 100 years including Population growth, historical events, the healthcare system components in Jordan which consists of several sectors that provide the service, namely the public sector, the private sector, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, and charities.
This article presents some health demographic indicators such as Infant Mortality Rate (defined as the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births) which in addition to giving us key information about maternal and infant health, it is an important marker of the overall health of a society. Another indicator is Maternal Mortality Rate (defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time 100,000 live births during the same time). It depicts the risk of maternal death relative to the number of live births and essentially captures the risk of death in a single pregnancy or a single live birth.
Moreover, this article provides information on a range of health statistics such as hospital beds, available resources, the numbers of healthcare professionals per capita, the availability of healthcare resources (e.g., medical professionals, technologies, and other infrastructure) which may have an impact on proper functioning of a health system in different ways, including an easier access to care, affordability of services, and preparedness to crisis.
In addition, it explores the percentage of vaccination coverage which reduces major health risks to infants and children and discusses civil health insurance coverage. Moreover, it explores the epidemiological transition in Jordan, where the number of infectious disease cases decreases while the number of chronic disease cases increases. An overview of medical tourism including medical investments and therapeutic resorts where consumers elect to travel across international borders with the intention of receiving some form of medical treatment. Furthermore, it discusses main challenges facing the healthcare system which are viewed in different converging topics: demographics, human resources, behavioral factors, financial challenges and more.

Key words: The centennial, Jordanian state, health sector, development, Jordan.


 
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Pubmed Style

Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein. The Centennial of the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan-One hundred years of development in the health sector in Jordan. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 723-733. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.74


Web Style

Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein. The Centennial of the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan-One hundred years of development in the health sector in Jordan. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=75858 [Access: April 23, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.74


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein. The Centennial of the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan-One hundred years of development in the health sector in Jordan. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 723-733. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.74



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein. The Centennial of the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan-One hundred years of development in the health sector in Jordan. JCR. (2021), [cited April 23, 2021]; 8(2): 723-733. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.74



Harvard Style

Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein (2021) The Centennial of the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan-One hundred years of development in the health sector in Jordan. JCR, 8 (2), 723-733. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.74



Turabian Style

Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein. 2021. The Centennial of the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan-One hundred years of development in the health sector in Jordan. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 723-733. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.74



Chicago Style

Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein. "The Centennial of the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan-One hundred years of development in the health sector in Jordan." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 723-733. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.74



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein. "The Centennial of the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan-One hundred years of development in the health sector in Jordan." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 723-733. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.74



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein (2021) The Centennial of the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan-One hundred years of development in the health sector in Jordan. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 723-733. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.74