ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


A Comparative study of Indian and Western Philosophy

Ms. K. Anuradha, Dr. D. E. Benet.

Abstract
The Upanisads, the idea of goodness or concept of dharma is emphasized as universal principle. Indian ethics endeavour to follow dharma which emphasizes good conduct and morality. The purpose of life is to achieve the four aims advocated in Upanisads, otherwise called Purusharthas. They are dharma, artha, kama, and moksha. These four aims help to lead life morally and ethically. All the four segments play important role in everyone‟s life. In Greek tradition ethics‟ means good life‟. Plato explains the knowledge of the good. He says the idea of the good is seen to be the universal author of all things beautiful and right. According to Aristotle happiness is the main goal and it depends upon the actualization of one‟s rationality.
Epicurus says happiness involves serenity and can be achieved through the simple pleasures which preserve bodily health and peace of mind. According to Epicurus, a human being‟s ultimate goal is not a constant succession of sensual pleasures whereas it is the state of serenity; ataraxia is which frees trouble in the mind and pain in the body. The satisfaction of the natural desires fulfills to preserve bodily health and mental peace accompanied by freedom from pain lead to happiness. One‟s goodness can be realized through philosophy and the quest for knowledge.

Key words: Ethical Concepts, Indian Philosophy and Western Philosophy


 
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Pubmed Style

Ms. K. Anuradha, Dr. D. E. Benet. A Comparative study of Indian and Western Philosophy. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 975-978. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.101


Web Style

Ms. K. Anuradha, Dr. D. E. Benet. A Comparative study of Indian and Western Philosophy. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=79080 [Access: May 31, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.101


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ms. K. Anuradha, Dr. D. E. Benet. A Comparative study of Indian and Western Philosophy. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 975-978. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.101



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ms. K. Anuradha, Dr. D. E. Benet. A Comparative study of Indian and Western Philosophy. JCR. (2021), [cited May 31, 2021]; 8(2): 975-978. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.101



Harvard Style

Ms. K. Anuradha, Dr. D. E. Benet (2021) A Comparative study of Indian and Western Philosophy. JCR, 8 (2), 975-978. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.101



Turabian Style

Ms. K. Anuradha, Dr. D. E. Benet. 2021. A Comparative study of Indian and Western Philosophy. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 975-978. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.101



Chicago Style

Ms. K. Anuradha, Dr. D. E. Benet. "A Comparative study of Indian and Western Philosophy." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 975-978. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.101



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ms. K. Anuradha, Dr. D. E. Benet. "A Comparative study of Indian and Western Philosophy." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 975-978. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.101



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ms. K. Anuradha, Dr. D. E. Benet (2021) A Comparative study of Indian and Western Philosophy. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 975-978. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.101