ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


ELEPHANTORRHIZA BURKEI BENTH. (FABACEAE): REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES

Alfred Maroyi.

Abstract
ElephantorrhizaburkeiBenth. is a shrub or small tree widely used as traditional medicine in southern Africa.The
current study critically reviewed the medicinal uses, phytochemistry and biological activities of E. burkei.
Results of the current study are based on literature survey conducted using various search engines such as Web
of Science, Elsevier, Pubmed, Google scholar, Springer, Science Direct, Scopus, Taylor and Francis, and preelectronic
sources such as books, book chapters, scientific journals and other grey literature obtained from the
University library. This study revealed that E. burkeiis used mainly as anti-emetic, and traditional medicine for
gastro-intestinal problems, anaemia, blood circulation problems, infertility in women, miscarriage, postpartum
and prenatal problems. Pharmacological research identified alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, entagenic acid,
flavonoids, phenolics, saponins and tanninsfrom the bark, rhizomes and roots of E. burkei. The crude extracts of
E. burkei exhibited antibacterial, antimycobacterial, antigonococcal, antifungal, anti-HIV, anti-diabetic, antiinflammatory,
antioxidant, trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibition, cytotoxicity and mutagenicity
activities.Elephantorrhizaburkeishould be subjected to detailed phytochemical, pharmacological and
toxicological evaluations aimed at correlating its medicinal uses with its phytochemistry and biological
activities.

Key words: Elephantorrhizaburkei, Fabaceae, herbal medicine, indigenous knowledge, Leguminosae,southern Africa


 
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Pubmed Style

Alfred Maroyi. ELEPHANTORRHIZA BURKEI BENTH. (FABACEAE): REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1173-1180. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.120


Web Style

Alfred Maroyi. ELEPHANTORRHIZA BURKEI BENTH. (FABACEAE): REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=83524 [Access: May 31, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.120


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi. ELEPHANTORRHIZA BURKEI BENTH. (FABACEAE): REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1173-1180. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.120



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alfred Maroyi. ELEPHANTORRHIZA BURKEI BENTH. (FABACEAE): REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES. JCR. (2021), [cited May 31, 2021]; 8(2): 1173-1180. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.120



Harvard Style

Alfred Maroyi (2021) ELEPHANTORRHIZA BURKEI BENTH. (FABACEAE): REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES. JCR, 8 (2), 1173-1180. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.120



Turabian Style

Alfred Maroyi. 2021. ELEPHANTORRHIZA BURKEI BENTH. (FABACEAE): REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1173-1180. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.120



Chicago Style

Alfred Maroyi. "ELEPHANTORRHIZA BURKEI BENTH. (FABACEAE): REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 1173-1180. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.120



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi. "ELEPHANTORRHIZA BURKEI BENTH. (FABACEAE): REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 1173-1180. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.120



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi (2021) ELEPHANTORRHIZA BURKEI BENTH. (FABACEAE): REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1173-1180. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.120