ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GREWIA OCCIDENTALIS L. (MALVACEAE)

Alfred Maroyi.

Abstract
GrewiaoccidentalisL. is a shrub or small tree widely used as traditional medicine in southern Africa.The current
study critically reviewed the medicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of G. occidentalis.
Results of the current study are based on literature survey conducted using various search engines such as Web
of Science, Elsevier, Pubmed, Google scholar, Springer, Science Direct, Scopus, Taylor and Francis, and preelectronic
sources such as books, book chapters, scientific journals and other grey literature obtained from the
University library. This study revealed that G. occidentalisis used mainly to ease childbirth and hasten labour, as
ethnoveterinary medicine, and traditional medicine for bladder ailments, impotence, infertility, respiratory
infections, sores and wounds. Pharmacological research identified flavonoids, lipids, phenolics, tannins and
triterpenoids from the bark, fruits, leaves, roots and wood of the species. The crude extracts of G.
occidentalisand phytochemical compounds isolated from the species exhibited antibacterial, antigonococcal,
antifungal, anti-HIV, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and uterotonic activities.Grewiaoccidentalisshould be
subjected to detailed phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological evaluations aimed at correlating its
medicinal uses with its phytochemistry and pharmacological properties.

Key words: Ethnopharmacology, Grewiaoccidentalis, herbal medicine, indigenous knowledge, Malvaceae, southern Africa, Tiliaceae


 
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Pubmed Style

Alfred Maroyi. EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GREWIA OCCIDENTALIS L. (MALVACEAE). JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1181-1190. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.121


Web Style

Alfred Maroyi. EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GREWIA OCCIDENTALIS L. (MALVACEAE). http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=83526 [Access: May 26, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.121


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi. EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GREWIA OCCIDENTALIS L. (MALVACEAE). JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1181-1190. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.121



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alfred Maroyi. EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GREWIA OCCIDENTALIS L. (MALVACEAE). JCR. (2021), [cited May 26, 2021]; 8(2): 1181-1190. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.121



Harvard Style

Alfred Maroyi (2021) EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GREWIA OCCIDENTALIS L. (MALVACEAE). JCR, 8 (2), 1181-1190. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.121



Turabian Style

Alfred Maroyi. 2021. EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GREWIA OCCIDENTALIS L. (MALVACEAE). Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1181-1190. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.121



Chicago Style

Alfred Maroyi. "EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GREWIA OCCIDENTALIS L. (MALVACEAE)." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 1181-1190. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.121



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi. "EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GREWIA OCCIDENTALIS L. (MALVACEAE)." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 1181-1190. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.121



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi (2021) EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GREWIA OCCIDENTALIS L. (MALVACEAE). Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1181-1190. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.121