ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Autism spectrum disorder Through the Lens of the Theory of Mind: African Perspectives

Maximus M. Sefotho, Charity N. Onyishi.

Abstract
The prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Africa is increasing unprecedentedly. Yet, most researches
and practices in ASD within African communities employ Eurocentric approaches to identification, screening,
diagnosis, and interventions. This tends to increase the risk of late diagnosis and comorbidity clamoured in Africa,
given that Eurocentric approaches are inadequate in expounding ASD for typical African cultural diversity. Extant
literature offers a general trajectory to the development and understanding of ASD without specific attention to
cultural variability. This article drew from Baron-Cohen's mind-blindness theoretical framework to explain the ASD
trajectory in Africa African context. We drew from African contextualization of the ToM and ASD to argue for an
augmented mind-blindness framework for parents-oriented ASD surveillance in African communities. We further
propose that ASD can be screened between the ages of 5 and 12 months through Afro-centric frameworks. The
implications of our findings are that content and context are important variables in the research and practices of
ASD.

Key words: Theory of Mind, mind-blindness, Autism Spectrum Disorder, African perspectives.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Maximus M. Sefotho
Articles by Charity N. Onyishi
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Maximus M. Sefotho, Charity N. Onyishi. Autism spectrum disorder Through the Lens of the Theory of Mind: African Perspectives. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1127-1138. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.115


Web Style

Maximus M. Sefotho, Charity N. Onyishi. Autism spectrum disorder Through the Lens of the Theory of Mind: African Perspectives. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=84487 [Access: May 29, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.115


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Maximus M. Sefotho, Charity N. Onyishi. Autism spectrum disorder Through the Lens of the Theory of Mind: African Perspectives. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1127-1138. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.115



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Maximus M. Sefotho, Charity N. Onyishi. Autism spectrum disorder Through the Lens of the Theory of Mind: African Perspectives. JCR. (2021), [cited May 29, 2021]; 8(2): 1127-1138. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.115



Harvard Style

Maximus M. Sefotho, Charity N. Onyishi (2021) Autism spectrum disorder Through the Lens of the Theory of Mind: African Perspectives. JCR, 8 (2), 1127-1138. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.115



Turabian Style

Maximus M. Sefotho, Charity N. Onyishi. 2021. Autism spectrum disorder Through the Lens of the Theory of Mind: African Perspectives. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1127-1138. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.115



Chicago Style

Maximus M. Sefotho, Charity N. Onyishi. "Autism spectrum disorder Through the Lens of the Theory of Mind: African Perspectives." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 1127-1138. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.115



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Maximus M. Sefotho, Charity N. Onyishi. "Autism spectrum disorder Through the Lens of the Theory of Mind: African Perspectives." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 1127-1138. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.115



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Maximus M. Sefotho, Charity N. Onyishi (2021) Autism spectrum disorder Through the Lens of the Theory of Mind: African Perspectives. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1127-1138. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.115