ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


EROSION ON GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND THEIR ADDITION: A REVIEW

TANISSHA RAGUPATHY, WAN ZARIPAH WAN BAKAR, KASMAWATI MOKHTAR.

Abstract
Introduction: Glass ionomer cement (GIC) is a type of tooth-coloured dental restorative material that is
commonly used nowadays This restorative material is commonly exposed to an intrinsic and extrinsic erosive
oral environment which affects the integrity of the restoration. All along, many modifications have been done to
improve the properties of conventional GIC (cGIC) while maintaining its clinical advantages. Several studies
have been conducted to compare the effects of erosion on cGICand their modification. Objectives:This literature
review aims to analyze the effect of erosion on cGIC, RMGIC, and its modifications.Methods:A literature
search was performed using PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases to identify the related articles that
are within the research interest using multiple keyword combinations. Searches were limited to articles that were
published from the year 1990 to 2019. Seventy-four articles that fit the research criteria were
selected.Results:Conventional GIC had been greatly affected when exposed to low pH solutions such as
hydrochloric, phosphoric, and citric acid. It showedgreater mean of surface microhardness loss, solubility, and
microleakagecompared to RMGIC that was modified with resin addition. The modification with casein
phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) showed no changes in surface microhardness loss
when exposed to an acidic medium.Conclusion:Conventional GIC is more affected in an acidic environment
compared to after its modification such as RMGIC and CPP-ACP modified cGIC. Patients with high risk
exposure to erosive environment should not be restored only by cGIC unless it is used in closed-sandwich
technique restoration.

Key words: acid challenges on dental materials, erosion on GIC modifications, GIC erosion, pH effect on GIC and its modifications, RMGIC erosion effect


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

TANISSHA RAGUPATHY, WAN ZARIPAH WAN BAKAR, KASMAWATI MOKHTAR. EROSION ON GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND THEIR ADDITION: A REVIEW. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1635-1643. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.164


Web Style

TANISSHA RAGUPATHY, WAN ZARIPAH WAN BAKAR, KASMAWATI MOKHTAR. EROSION ON GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND THEIR ADDITION: A REVIEW. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=93819 [Access: July 06, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.164


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

TANISSHA RAGUPATHY, WAN ZARIPAH WAN BAKAR, KASMAWATI MOKHTAR. EROSION ON GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND THEIR ADDITION: A REVIEW. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1635-1643. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.164



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

TANISSHA RAGUPATHY, WAN ZARIPAH WAN BAKAR, KASMAWATI MOKHTAR. EROSION ON GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND THEIR ADDITION: A REVIEW. JCR. (2021), [cited July 06, 2021]; 8(2): 1635-1643. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.164



Harvard Style

TANISSHA RAGUPATHY, WAN ZARIPAH WAN BAKAR, KASMAWATI MOKHTAR (2021) EROSION ON GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND THEIR ADDITION: A REVIEW. JCR, 8 (2), 1635-1643. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.164



Turabian Style

TANISSHA RAGUPATHY, WAN ZARIPAH WAN BAKAR, KASMAWATI MOKHTAR. 2021. EROSION ON GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND THEIR ADDITION: A REVIEW. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1635-1643. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.164



Chicago Style

TANISSHA RAGUPATHY, WAN ZARIPAH WAN BAKAR, KASMAWATI MOKHTAR. "EROSION ON GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND THEIR ADDITION: A REVIEW." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 1635-1643. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.164



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

TANISSHA RAGUPATHY, WAN ZARIPAH WAN BAKAR, KASMAWATI MOKHTAR. "EROSION ON GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND THEIR ADDITION: A REVIEW." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 1635-1643. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.164



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

TANISSHA RAGUPATHY, WAN ZARIPAH WAN BAKAR, KASMAWATI MOKHTAR (2021) EROSION ON GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND THEIR ADDITION: A REVIEW. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1635-1643. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.164