ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Broken Plurals in Urdu: An OT Analysis

Mubashir Iqbal, Dr. Riaz Ahmed Mangrio.

Abstract
The study documents the morphological processes involved in the broken plural system of Urdu words. The
pluralization system of Urdu is introduced briefly, however, a detailed investigation of morphological complexities
of broken plural is given. The study reveals that Urdu has two types of plurals: Sound Plurals and Broken Plurals.
Sound plurals are devised by attaching the suffixes to the stem, and this is a native pattern.Some of the native and
borrowedsuffixes are enlisted which are used as plural markers. Both native and borrowed suffixes can be used with
native words as well as loan words. Two processes, in fact, are involved in the formation of Urdu plurals:
morphological process and phonological process. Morphological process attaches the plural marker to the stem
while phonological process makes the devised form pronounceable by deleting or alternating the vowel segments
and by re-syllabifying the plural form. The broken plurals, a pattern borrowed from Arabic, are formed by inserting
the plural markers: infixes, circumfixes and transfixes, and by modification of the stem.
This study is in sharp contrast to Hardie’s (2004) claim that only suffixes are involved in the inflectional
morphology of Urdu. The formation of broken plurals through infixes, circumfixes and transfixespresents another
case, different from regular plurals by only suffixes.Prince &Smolensky’s (1993) Optimality Theory (OT) has been
utilized to analyze the complexities of broken plurals

Key words: Urdu Pluralization System, Broken Plurals, Plural Markers, Optimality Theory


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mubashir Iqbal, Dr. Riaz Ahmed Mangrio. Broken Plurals in Urdu: An OT Analysis. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1671-1679. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.168


Web Style

Mubashir Iqbal, Dr. Riaz Ahmed Mangrio. Broken Plurals in Urdu: An OT Analysis. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=95865 [Access: July 12, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.168


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mubashir Iqbal, Dr. Riaz Ahmed Mangrio. Broken Plurals in Urdu: An OT Analysis. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 1671-1679. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.168



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mubashir Iqbal, Dr. Riaz Ahmed Mangrio. Broken Plurals in Urdu: An OT Analysis. JCR. (2021), [cited July 12, 2021]; 8(2): 1671-1679. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.168



Harvard Style

Mubashir Iqbal, Dr. Riaz Ahmed Mangrio (2021) Broken Plurals in Urdu: An OT Analysis. JCR, 8 (2), 1671-1679. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.168



Turabian Style

Mubashir Iqbal, Dr. Riaz Ahmed Mangrio. 2021. Broken Plurals in Urdu: An OT Analysis. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1671-1679. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.168



Chicago Style

Mubashir Iqbal, Dr. Riaz Ahmed Mangrio. "Broken Plurals in Urdu: An OT Analysis." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 1671-1679. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.168



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mubashir Iqbal, Dr. Riaz Ahmed Mangrio. "Broken Plurals in Urdu: An OT Analysis." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 1671-1679. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.168



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mubashir Iqbal, Dr. Riaz Ahmed Mangrio (2021) Broken Plurals in Urdu: An OT Analysis. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 1671-1679. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.168