ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


PAST AND PRESENT OF PUBLIC HISTORY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Professor Liudmyla D. CHEKALENKO, PhD.

Abstract
history of nowadays is a relatively new field of knowledge in which we try to understand how history can function
outside the walls of academic institutions. The emergence of academic history in the 19th century, now called
“official history,” was associated with the separation of history from other fields of knowledge. At that time, it was
believed that without a professional historical education, it was impossible to be an erudite person, and to tell the
past objectively and truthfully. Over time, history gradually became a scientific discipline, as well as an ideological
science, as its primary task during the rapid kaleidoscope of changes in various political regimes was to educate
ideologically savvy professionals for state-building. Historical science was formed during the creation of nationstates
and affirmed the national identity of various social and ethnic groups that formed one nation.
Public historywas bornby a student movement as a form of youth resistance in parallel with public
education since the 1930s through the activities of the American Youth Congress placed in Washington. This
organization, which at the time was actively supported by the First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, lobbied for the
democratization of American society and the promotion of youth programs in the US Congress. Several politicized
youth organizations were formed in the 1960s. At the same time, the deep political, economic, and social world
crisis of the 1970s – another world upheaval – drew the attention of historical science to the person. As a result,
oral history, new social history, and public history have appeared. Gradually, public history became a factor in the
democratization of historical science.

Key words: official history, public history, development, crisis of the 1970s, public history of nowadays, Ukrainian narrative.


 
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Pubmed Style

Professor Liudmyla D. CHEKALENKO, PhD. PAST AND PRESENT OF PUBLIC HISTORY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. JCR. 2021; 8(3): 184-189. doi: 10.31838/jcr.08.03.20


Web Style

Professor Liudmyla D. CHEKALENKO, PhD. PAST AND PRESENT OF PUBLIC HISTORY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=110920 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi: 10.31838/jcr.08.03.20


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Professor Liudmyla D. CHEKALENKO, PhD. PAST AND PRESENT OF PUBLIC HISTORY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. JCR. 2021; 8(3): 184-189. doi: 10.31838/jcr.08.03.20



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Professor Liudmyla D. CHEKALENKO, PhD. PAST AND PRESENT OF PUBLIC HISTORY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. JCR. (2021), [cited August 17, 2021]; 8(3): 184-189. doi: 10.31838/jcr.08.03.20



Harvard Style

Professor Liudmyla D. CHEKALENKO, PhD (2021) PAST AND PRESENT OF PUBLIC HISTORY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. JCR, 8 (3), 184-189. doi: 10.31838/jcr.08.03.20



Turabian Style

Professor Liudmyla D. CHEKALENKO, PhD. 2021. PAST AND PRESENT OF PUBLIC HISTORY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (3), 184-189. doi: 10.31838/jcr.08.03.20



Chicago Style

Professor Liudmyla D. CHEKALENKO, PhD. "PAST AND PRESENT OF PUBLIC HISTORY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 184-189. doi: 10.31838/jcr.08.03.20



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Professor Liudmyla D. CHEKALENKO, PhD. "PAST AND PRESENT OF PUBLIC HISTORY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.3 (2021), 184-189. Print. doi: 10.31838/jcr.08.03.20



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Professor Liudmyla D. CHEKALENKO, PhD (2021) PAST AND PRESENT OF PUBLIC HISTORY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (3), 184-189. doi: 10.31838/jcr.08.03.20