ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Poor technical condition of vehicles in developing countries as a health hazard for citizens of Ghana

Katarzyna Wojtysiak, Ewa Zieli& 324;ski, Tomasz Wojsz.

Abstract
Purpose:This is a review to assess the technical condition of vehicles in developing countries and its impact on
health hazard on the example of Ghana. In developing countries, due to the globalization process, the number
of vehicles involved in road traffic is systematically increasing. The health consequences of road accidents are
important public concern.
Mehodology:The PubMed and Google scholar search were used to find literature in order to analyze the purpose of
the paper. The following keywords were used to search for information sources: health hazards, technical condition,
vehicles, accidents, developing countries, Ghana. The analysis has been done by the systematic review analysis
method. The articles were selected in terms of the impact of poor technical condition of vehicles in Ghana and its
effects on the road safety in this area. 20 articles were being reviewed.
Main findings: The quality of vehicles on Ghanaian roads is low. Most of the vehicles are old. For economic
reasons, users often use substandard products to repair vehicles. Poor-quality, non-original, mismatched parts can
lead to an accident. The technical condition of vehicles affects the safety of road users.The security of citizens
should be an important goal of the state. Drivers and owners of transport companies should be strongly educated
about the role of the technical condition of the vehicle. It is also important to emphasize about seat belts role in
ensuring the safety of vehicle passengers. Inspections of the technical condition of vehicles, especially in public
transport, should be strengthened and the frequency increased.
Limitations:In developing countries, not all road accidents are reported, so accident statistics may be understated
and reports and statistics are not kept regularly. The article is based only on published reports and literature data.
Implications: Based on the analysis of the publications, it was assessed that there is no current literature on
technical problems of vehicles in Ghana and its impact on road safety, with particular emphasis on public transport.
This is an important topic for the security of citizens and should be investigated, analyzed and lessons learned
without delay.

Key words: health hazards, technical condition, vehicles, accidents, developing countries, Ghana


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

, Wojsz sT. Poor technical condition of vehicles in developing countries as a health hazard for citizens of Ghana. JCR. 2021; 8(3): 403-406. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.03.43


Web Style

, Wojsz sT. Poor technical condition of vehicles in developing countries as a health hazard for citizens of Ghana. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=122570 [Access: September 10, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.03.43


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

, Wojsz sT. Poor technical condition of vehicles in developing countries as a health hazard for citizens of Ghana. JCR. 2021; 8(3): 403-406. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.03.43



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

, Wojsz sT. Poor technical condition of vehicles in developing countries as a health hazard for citizens of Ghana. JCR. (2021), [cited September 10, 2021]; 8(3): 403-406. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.03.43



Harvard Style

& Wojsz, s. T. (2021) Poor technical condition of vehicles in developing countries as a health hazard for citizens of Ghana. JCR, 8 (3), 403-406. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.03.43



Turabian Style

, and ski, Tomasz Wojsz. 2021. Poor technical condition of vehicles in developing countries as a health hazard for citizens of Ghana. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (3), 403-406. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.03.43



Chicago Style

, and ski, Tomasz Wojsz. "Poor technical condition of vehicles in developing countries as a health hazard for citizens of Ghana." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 403-406. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.03.43



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, and ski, Tomasz Wojsz. "Poor technical condition of vehicles in developing countries as a health hazard for citizens of Ghana." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.3 (2021), 403-406. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.03.43



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

& Wojsz, s. T. (2021) Poor technical condition of vehicles in developing countries as a health hazard for citizens of Ghana. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (3), 403-406. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.03.43