Design and Implementation of Smart Helmet using Internet of Things for Avoidance of Accidents (2023)
Dr. U. Penchalaiah, Shaik Arshiya, Shaik Mehathab, Syed Heena, Kala, Yanamala Dharani JCR. 2023: 249-258
Accidents are currently a major issue for everyone. Accidents are becoming more common, thus attempts are being undertaken to avoid them and minimize their repercussions. We live in a society where the laws of the road are meaningless to people and are routinely broken. Furthermore, it is human nature to oppose what is placed on them. Hence, from a different angle, we give safety with luxurious and intelligent characteristics by employing a smart helmet. The Smart Helmet is a microcontroller-based project based on the AVR family. It is a helmet with some smart features that will improve your driving experience and make you safer on the road. This smart helmet has three major elements, each with its unique function. For example, the first feature's purpose is to encourage or force the rider to wear a helmet; similarly, the second feature's purpose is to prevent the rider from drinking and driving; and the third feature's purpose is to save as many lives as possible in accidents by ensuring complete head coverage through a servo-controlled helmet door. To ensure that the cyclist is wearing the helmet, two modules, one on the helmet and one on the bike, will work in tandem. The ALCHO-LOCK function is used to prevent drunk driving situations. A vibration sensor detects accidents and is meant to relay the live location to authorized individuals. We can apply this approach to preventing big accidents and avoiding human and financial damages. All components are linked to the Arduino microcontroller. The Arduino ATMEGA328 microcontroller is used to handle input and output using the Arduino IDE with embedded C programming and is powered by a regulated power source that provides 5 volts of DC electricity to all hardware modules
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