Study of congenital malformations in fetus and its risk factors (2023)
Dr Manikarnika Parmar, Dr Prof Neeta Natu JCR. 2023: 30-37
Study of congenital malformations in fetus and its risk factors Material and methods: Relevant information regarding maternal age, parity, gestational age, birth weight, sex, and consanguinity was documented. Significant antenatal history like maternal illness, ingestion of drugs, exposure to radiation and complications of labor was recorded. Whether the patient had an antenatal ultrasonography (USG) scan and findings were noted. All the aborted fetus and newborns were examined for congenital malformations soon after delivery. Results: During the study period 40 congenital anomalies were seen in delivered babies and aborted foetuses, 28 (70%) patients were in the age group of 20-29 years, >30 years were 12 (30%). 31 (77.5%) patients had anomalies diagnosed on antenatal ultrasound. The number of congenital anomalies is more in low birth weight babies. The occurrence was more in female than male. Central nervous system was the most common system involved followed by musculoskeletal system. Anencephaly was the common malformation seen in 12 (30%) patients. Conclusion: The most prevalent forms of CAs were abnormalities of the central nervous system and the musculoskeletal system at the time of birth. It is necessary to place restrictions on the prescription of drugs that have the potential to have a teratogenic impact in order to reduce the number of CAs.
This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.
The articles in Journal of Critical Reviews are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
Copyright � 2021 Journal of Critical Reviews All Rights Reserved. Subject to change without notice from or liability to Journal of Critical Reviews.
For best results, please use Internet Explorer or Google Chrome
Journal of Critical Review, Tower 23/4,
Kuala Lumpur, malaysia