ISSN 2394-5125

    Study of congenital malformations in fetus and its risk factors (2023)

    Dr Manikarnika Parmar, Dr Prof Neeta Natu
    JCR. 2023: 30-37


    Study of congenital malformations in fetus and its risk factors Material and methods: Relevant information regarding maternal age, parity, gestational age, birth weight, sex, and consanguinity was documented. Significant antenatal history like maternal illness, ingestion of drugs, exposure to radiation and complications of labor was recorded. Whether the patient had an antenatal ultrasonography (USG) scan and findings were noted. All the aborted fetus and newborns were examined for congenital malformations soon after delivery. Results: During the study period 40 congenital anomalies were seen in delivered babies and aborted foetuses, 28 (70%) patients were in the age group of 20-29 years, >30 years were 12 (30%). 31 (77.5%) patients had anomalies diagnosed on antenatal ultrasound. The number of congenital anomalies is more in low birth weight babies. The occurrence was more in female than male. Central nervous system was the most common system involved followed by musculoskeletal system. Anencephaly was the common malformation seen in 12 (30%) patients. Conclusion: The most prevalent forms of CAs were abnormalities of the central nervous system and the musculoskeletal system at the time of birth. It is necessary to place restrictions on the prescription of drugs that have the potential to have a teratogenic impact in order to reduce the number of CAs.


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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 10 Issue-2